The Broholmer temperament is one that could thrive in numerous households and become the best companion you could imagine. His protective, friendly personality would bring safety and joy to your home.

But some Broholmer behaviors and traits can be a little bit problematic. For one, he has a stubborn streak that could overwhelm some inexperienced owners. His massive size is another aspect that could make it tough for him to thrive with certain owners and households.

Nonetheless, if you’re looking for a larger dog, you aren’t going to do much better than a Broholmer. After all, he embodies the phrase “gentle giant” and will still guard your house with a fiery intensity.

The Broholmer Temperament & Personality

As we go through the following traits, it’ll become clear what environments the Broholmer temperament would thrive within. The key is establishing whether or not your household mimics those situations.

Protective and Loyal

One of the best things about the Broholmer temperament is his protective nature. And this protective nature comes hand in hand with a sense of loyalty for his loved ones. It makes him take his role as a guard dog seriously.  

This seriousness makes it extremely unlikely an intruder could enter your home without being noticed. And if he sees them, there’s a high probability he could easily overpower them given his size.

It’s also helpful that his bark is deep and loud, which means he can effectively alert you as well; however, he’s not a constant yapper and only barks when he perceives a genuine threat. And when one does present itself, he will do everything in his power to ensure your safety.

But his protectiveness does come with one downside; he’s a little wary of strangers, which can be an issue because of his intimidating presence. You can quickly overcome this trait with socialization and the proper training from the right owner though.

Calm

His striking physique often makes people think that he has a menacing personality; but the Broholmer temperament is quite the opposite with him being calm and good-natured. He’s more likely to lick you than aggressively move towards you.

In fact, this sense of calmness even makes him an excellent dog to have around children. He won’t get annoyed by their erratic movements or snap when they might play too rough. Of course, you still have to monitor all the interactions as his size could be an issue.

His calm demeanor also does well with other pets as long as he has grown up with them. In most cases, he’ll never be aggressive towards them; but if you bring a new pet into your home, he might not know the limits and accidentally hurt them.

We should also mention that due to this trait the Broholmer exercise needs aren’t incredibly extensive. One long walk or 45 minutes of activity is all he needs. This amount of physical stimulation will be enough to work off all the excess energy he gained throughout the day.

Confident

The Broholmer temperament also has an element of self-confidence that’s almost staggering. This characteristic gives him a fearlessness when it comes to trying new things. There won’t be an environment or situation, which he walks into that'll cause him discomfort.

Given this information, If you want a larger dog that’ll you can bring out in public; he’s a viable candidate. And he won’t hate being the center of attention either. It’s not uncommon for him to end up being the star of whatever social gathering he enters.

You can also take comfort in this confidence lending itself useful in training as well. It’ll make the idea of new commands seem less daunting than they might to other breeds.  But it does have one rather significant downside: he won’t back from a challenge.

In other words, if he sees a threatening larger predator such as a bear, he won’t hesitate to attack it. This trait could end up being quite expensive in vet bills.

Intelligent

The intelligence within the Broholmer temperament is higher than your typical dog breed. On the one hand, this trait something worth celebrating as it makes him more susceptible to training. But it also gives him the ability to think on his own that’ll make this same process a bit tricky.

You see it’ll make him stubborn, which can be overwhelming for some people. It’s why he isn’t an ideal fit for most first-time owners. If you do bring him into your home, you better be ready to keep a firm hand in his training.

If you don’t, it’s likely he’ll try to alpha status from you. And before you know it, you’ll end up his dog rather than him being yours. But once you do assume the alpha role, you shouldn’t have any issues teaching him a multitude of commands.

A Quick Look at the Broholmer History

The most interesting about Broholmer’s history is the beginning. You see his origin story has a royal component with it starting with a marriage between Danish and Scottish royalty: the daughter of the Danish King Frederick II married Scottish King James VI.

As a gift, King James VI presented Frederick II with several Mastiff-like dogs. These dogs were then crossbred with Slagterhundens or Butcher’s Dogs. And from these breeding sessions, the Broholmer was born.

He was first strictly a companion for Danish aristocrats and royalty as the Broholmer size made them perfect guard dogs. It was also a common practice for him to guard livestock or be used as a hunting dog.

But once hunting methods changed, his popularity started to lessen significantly. In fact, by the mid-1800s, he was facing extinction; however, a man named Niels Frederik Sehested put an end to all that through setting up a strict breed standard.

As a result, the breed started thriving thanks to his hindsight and was sought out by all kinds of people. Sehested even gave the breed his name, the Broholmer. From this newfound popularity, he began getting recognized by clubs and organizations as well: United Kennel Club in 2010 and the American Kennel Club in 2013.

The Broholmer Appearance

The Broholmer’s appearance can be quite striking the first time you see him. He has a large muscular body that evokes a sense of power and authority. This characteristic comes from the fact that the Broholmer height ranges from 22 to 30 inches.

The Broholmer weight factors into the equation as well given a full grown one weighs between 87 and 176 pounds. In other words, he’s massive and a little bit bigger than your typical dog. He also has a large, wide head, which will take a lot of room on your lap.

He has a broad chest as well, which further conveys his strength. His skin will be slightly loose and abundant particularly in the neck area. His coat will be short and tightly fitted to his body.

He will also have an undercoat that’ll be dense and shed seasonally. The Broholmer colors will come in three different configurations: yellow with a black mask, red golden, or solid black. And it’s imperative you understand the yellow version has to come with a black mask.

On the other hand, the red golden type may have black on his snout, but it can’t expand over his eyes. The coloring of his nose, eye rims, and lips will be black: any other color isn’t acceptable within the Broholmer traits.

You might see some white markings on his feet and chest as well; however, these white markings can’t be widely apparent or distract from the rest of his look.

A Guide for Broholmer Training

In most cases, training a Broholmer is a pleasant experience due to his intelligence. But his smarts can sometimes come with a downside: stubbornness. This side of him only comes out when his handler isn’t being firm with their commands.

As a result, owners need to be consistent and authoritative in the training sessions. It’s also best to use positive reinforcement methods as they're the key to solving the riddle of his training. There’s no reason to use harsh methods on a Broholmer as it’ll only anger him.

You should start these training sessions and socialize him as soon as possible. Most vets agree an excellent starting point would be around the 3 or 4-month mark. This early start will ensure good behaviors are second nature to him before he becomes fully grown.

If you wait too long, he’ll be more likely to become reserved and have issues being in chaotic environments.

The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan a world-class Dog Trainer from New Zealand is worth taking a look at. This online resource has hundreds of fun informative dog training videos that can help you learn the basics and more.

The Broholmer Grooming Requirements

If you’re looking into getting a Broholmer, there are some things you must know about their grooming. The first thing is his shedding will go through heavy seasonal periods. You see he’ll shed his undercoat a couple of times a year, which requires a lot of upkeep.

During these periods, he’ll need daily brushing to ensure the shedding fur doesn’t cause significant issues. This requirement decreases to weekly in the other parts of the year. You should use a bristle brush as it’ll effectively remove both dead skin and loose hair.

His bathing needs are much less excessive as it’s typically only a couple of times a year. Vets often will recommend bathing him during his heavy shedding period; it’ll loosen the hair more efficiently. A mild shampoo should do the trick as skin irritation does tend to be an issue for him.

Aside from these notable things, the rest of his grooming requirements are rather standard for any dog breed: trim his nails monthly, brush his teeth weekly, and checking ears for wax and tar build-ups regularly.

Relevant Broholmer Health Issues

In the world of larger dog breeds, this one is of the healthier ones: the average Broholmer lifespan hovers between 8 and 11 years. He does still sadly suffer from a proclivity to quite a few health issues though:

All of these conditions might seem like a lot to keep track of for a dog owner. But there’s an easy way to lighten this burden, and that’s by regularly visiting your vet. These visits will ensure you stay up to date with all the things your dog might need.

They’ll also give you the opportunity to ask any questions about what you can do better as a dog owner. And remember, larger breeds often represent a more significant challenge; therefore, keeping consistent contact with a vet could make this whole process a lot smoother.  

You need to make sure any Broholmer puppy you’re considering has parents with OFA certified hips as well. This certification is incredibly vital for larger breeds due to the pressure their size puts on their limbs. This pressure could lead to conditions like hip dysplasia or arthritis.

And since an OFA certification reduces the risk of obtaining these issues, you can imagine why it’s so important. Keeping him out of the sun during hot summer days is another must for a Broholmer dog owner; it’ll reduce the risk of his heat sensitivity causing him issues.

Note: Don't let the many issues above scare you. The best way to approach health problems is to prevent them in the first place. The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health is a great place to start. Get a copy to keep at home. It will help you prevent the painful health issues that can plague your lovely Canaan pet from expressing his winning personality and maximizing his life expentancy.

Finding Your Broholmer

If you’ve decided the Broholmer temperament is the right fit, there’s one more thing to think about: adopt or buy. However, since he's considered a rare breed, you might have trouble a suitable one to bring home.

But regardless, we’re going to outline both processes, which will ensure you’ll have the best chance possible at getting one.

Broholmer For Sale

The best place to look for Broholmer puppies that you can buy is the American Kennel Club database. If you go through this source, the chances you come into contact with a lousy breeder are slim.

This positive aspect comes from AKC’s strict guidelines that they make their affiliated breeders follow. But these guidelines make it harder to find available puppies than on other sites; there’s just less of them.

If you do strike out with the AKC, you should then move onto sites like Puppyfinder.com. These sites will locate the nearest buyable puppy and provide you with the contact info; however, the Broholmer breeders you meet on there have a higher probability of being bad breeders.

After all, there are no strict guidelines these breeders must follow. With this in mind, it’s imperative you understand some signs that might signal a bad breeder: numerous litters for sale, unsanitary breeding facilities, online payment with credit card, lack necessary paperwork, etc.

It’s also essential you set up a meeting with the breeder at their breeding facility before purchase. It’ll give you the chance to evaluate the whole operation and make an informed determination about the situation.

If your breeder demonstrates any of the warning signs, it’s best to move onto a different one. But if he/she does pass your test, you should expect a Broholmer price to be around $1600. This price could be higher or lower depending on bloodlines, medical issues, shipping costs, etc.

Broholmer For Adoption

Finding a Broholmer up for adoption will be a bit tougher than buying one. You see there isn’t a strictly Broholmer rescue in the United States. But there are a few giant dog rescues, which might have a couple of them available.

One of these rescues is Mastiff to Mutts Rescue, and all you have to do is fill out the application. You then wait to see whether or not your situation is accepted and move on from there.

We should mention it’s highly possible that the Broholmer will pop up under this secondary name: the Danish Mastiff. If this option sounds like too much waiting, you can try sites like Adoptapet.com.

These sites will show you the nearest adoptable Broholmer and give the information you need to make your interest known. Another option you have is going to your local shelter or humane society and take a gander at their selection.

But when you do find one, it’s imperative you ask some questions about his background. These questions should cover topics such as medical history, temperament, previous situation, etc. All the information you gather from the answers should help make the transition much more manageable.

Conclusion: Is the Broholmer the Right Dog For You?

If you’re looking for a large, loyal dog, the Broholmer temperament might be an ideal fit for you. His enduring personality will bring a sense of happiness into your household. In the right situation, he can be the perfect family companion.

But if you aren’t confident in your training skills, his hardheadedness could be an issue. It’s also best for first-time owners to avoid getting this breed given his size and overall needs.

There’s little about the Landseer temperament that would cause a dog owner to think it isn’t the ideal companion. He has a sweet, gentle personality that even finds itself amenable for children. He also has a patient disposition, which would make him ideally suited for a first-time owner.

The One Thing

The Landseer needs a lot of attention, otherwise, he can use his intelligence to cause chaos.

With this in mind, if you’re planning on leaving him alone for long periods, he’s not the dog for you.

It also essential you understand the financial impact of owning a dog this large. You’re going to spend a lot of money on food and other essentials. But if these two issues aren’t concerning the Landseer is one of the best pets you’re going to find.

The Landseer Temperament & Personality

The following discussion of the Landseer temperament will demonstrate why he’s such an excellent family pet. It’ll also elaborate on some aspects of his personality that might be a challenge for a prospective owner.

Gentle

The best way to describe the Landseer temperament is gentle. In fact, many dog owners insist that this breed best fits the moniker of “gentle giant.” After all, he’s even most known for his ability to get along swimmingly with children.

But since the Landseer size is rather massive, it’s best to watch interactions between him and kids. They might become overly playful and accidentally knock over a small child; however, there will likely never be any intended aggressive actions coming toward your kids from this breed.

It also helps that he’s always searching for ways to gain your attention, which results in gentle actions: cuddling, playful mannerisms, and an overall sunny disposition. This gentle nature will often extend towards other animals as well.

There’s been a slight issue with male Landseers having problems with other male dogs, but this behavior is trainable. This quality makes them a good candidate for a multiple dog household.

Intelligent Landseer Temperament

The Landseer temperament features a high IQ, which makes them highly trainable. This high IQ does make them somewhat capable of thinking on their own and able to make independent decisions. This Landseer trait can be a blessing and a curse.

His ability to make independent decisions makes him capable of finding his own entertainment. This quality could be quite problematic in the event you don’t give him the attention he wants. In these situations, he tends to find himself getting into trouble.

For instance, getting into garbage is a classic thing he loves to do. He’ll also have no issue tearing apart your shoes or causing other chaos when being ignored. As a result, it’s a must you provide him with some mental stimulation every day.

On the other hand, this high IQ makes him able to learn pretty much any command you might want. It also lets him easily discern what resembles a threat, which makes his barking frequency much lower than other breeds.

Brave and Loyal Landseer Temperament

If a Landseer does encounter a threat, they’ll have no issue engaging them. But since he lacks an aggressive nature, he’ll most likely put himself between you and the danger; de-escalating the situation rather than jumping straight into action like a more aggressive breed.

He’ll only attack when it’s necessary or commanded by his owner. This behavior makes them incredibly well suited for guard dog duties. He’s able to assess a situation and react while demonstrating high levels of bravery when needed.

If a life-threatening situation arises, he’ll have no issues risking his life for yours. After all, the breed was known for saving people from drowning back in their early days. This sense of bravery comes from their undying loyalty to their families, which will be unwavering.

He loves his family and will give anything to ensure they’re happy. It’s not a stretch to say that the Landseer temperament makes them the ideal companion.

Patient

The Landseer temperament also has the enduring trait of being incredibly patient. There’s very little that will make him upset or intolerant. This Landseer behavior makes them excellent companions for public outings, as they’ll be the stars of whatever place you enter.

And he will love every moment as he’s always craving human attention. But you must make sure you socialize him early, or this side of him might not emerge. If you don’t, he might become independent and skittish.

This patient attitude’s also helpful with his training, which makes him a suitable breed for a first-time owner. He’ll always be attentive and engaged during sessions as you go through the growing pains of having your first dog.

The Landseer History

At the beginning of the 19th century, Newfoundland fishermen brought into England the ancestor of the Landseer. From the moment he got there, a love fest between him and the country became to cultivate.

His fun-loving personality and kind nature made him a popular fixture among the locals. He even became a fixture in many of the stories and art pieces of this era. It was also around this time that a well-known painter, Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, started using him in his paintings.

As a result, it’s no surprise that the breed would begin to share his name. The Landseer’s rising popularity made it a common practice to cross breed them with many other European dogs. And in the late 1800s, he no longer resembled the dogs who were featured in the Landseer paintings.

In the early 1900s, breeders tried to rectify this; but were often involved in the issues of the era like the First World War. After the war ended, their efforts were fruitful, and a breeding program was restarted for the breed.

This breeding program proved to be successful, and the breed then joined the Newfoundland Clubs in 1945. Their relationship with the Newfoundland Clubs continued until the Federation Cynologique Internationale recognized as their own breed in 1960.

But even to this day, the Landseer still hasn’t gained “own breed” status with several high-ranking kennel clubs: the United Kennel Club, the American Kennel Club, and the Canadian Kennel Club.

All of these organizations consider him a variation of the Newfoundland breed.

Landseer Training

As one of the more intelligent breeds, the Landseer is usually a delight to train. It also helps that he has a sweet and gentle personality rather than one based on protective instincts.

But there is one thing that could make teaching him a little challenging: his extended puppy stage. The Landseer’s puppy stage lasts a lot longer than most breeds, as he tends to mature slower.

In some cases, it can last up to 18 months. Due to this, socialization is vital, or harmful behaviors might become ingrained in him while he’s still a puppy. The ideal training approach to take with a Landseer would be using positive reinforcement techniques.

These methods fit his personality to a tee and will make sure a bond develops between him and his owner. But overall, all you need to do is ensure you're consistent and firm with the training approach.

If you are, there shouldn’t be any issues training your Landseer. You might even find yourself enjoying the process.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Landseer dog take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

The Landseer Grooming Requirements

The Landseer’s double coat requires a high level of commitment from his owner to keep them in top-notch condition. He needs a brushing every other day to ensure his fur doesn’t get mats or tangles.

It’s essential you bathe them every month or two to ensure these mats/tangles don’t form as well. He’s also known to be a pretty heavy shedder, and this only picks up when the seasons start changing.

Given this information, you should invest in a lint roller or your clothes will soon be covered in Landseer fur. And other than these small things, there isn’t much else to know about the Landseer’s unique grooming requirements.

Just stay on top of the brushing and bathing along with the following standard grooming requirements:

  • Trim his nails monthly
  • Check ears for tar and wax build ups regularly
  • Brush his teeth twice a week

If you do these things, your Landseer should thrive in your care.

Important Landseer Health Issues To Watch For

The Landseer lifespan is much shorter than you often see with other breeds: 8 to 10 years. This sad truth is the result of their massive size and their proclivity to the following medical issues.

Keeping these conditions in check means taking your Landseer to the vet regularly. Regular check-ups are the first step in ensuring your dog makes it past the average lifespan of their breed.

You should also ensure the puppy that you get has parents with OFA certified hips. In other words, talk with the breeder or rescue before getting your Landseer. Dogs with these certifications have significantly less risk of getting hip dysplasia later on in life.

Another thing you can do is spread out their eating sessions into multiple meals throughout the day. One big meal could make him too excited, which could cause him to inhale his food — this rapid eating can cause him to be more susceptible to contracting bloat.

We should also note that you should get your Landseer checked for SAS (subaortic stenosis) around 8 to 12 weeks. It’ll let you know right away whether or not you have something to worry about regarding this hereditary issue.

Note: Don't let the many issues above scare you. The best way to approach health problems is to prevent them in the first place. The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health is a great place to start. Get a copy to keep at home. It will help you prevent the painful health issues that can plague your lovely Canaan pet from expressing his winning personality and maximizing his life expentancy.

Finding Your Landseer

If you’ve decided the Landseer temperament is for you, there’s one last decision to make: do you want to adopt or buy? You’ll have plenty of opinions regardless of the route you take. We’ll break down how to approach each process in the two sections below.

Landseer For Sale

Since the US and UK don’t recognize the Landseer as its own breed, finding one’s going to require extra work. The key is to understand that these countries categorize the Landseer as a color variant (white & black) of the Newfoundland breed.

If you want to buy a Landseer in the US or UK, you’ll need to search under the Newfoundland breed. And then, add in the parameters of the Newfoundland being white & black. The first place you should start exploring is the American Kennel Club database.

This database should give you enough reputable breeders. Of course, this route isn’t the only option you can take; you could also use sites like Puppyfinder.com, which will point you towards numerous Landseer breeders as a prospective buyer.

But once you do find a breeder, it’s a must you set up a meeting with them before purchasing. You want to make sure everything is legitimate. If the breeder has numerous Landseer puppy litters for sale or lacks sufficient paperwork, you should move onto another breeder.

You should also never pay for a dog online with a credit card. If this payment method is even available, it's a glaring warning sign that something isn’t right.  The main point here is to trust your instincts about these sorts of things.

When a breeder does pass the test of being reputable, a Landseer puppy price ranges from $2000 to $2500.  This high price comes from the costs of breeding a dog this large and their overwhelming popularity.

Landseer For Adoption

If you’re apart of the “adopt, don’t shop” crowd, don’t worry; you’ll also have a ton of options available for you to adopt a Landseer. The first one you should pursue is going down to your local shelter and asking about the breed.

There’s a small likelihood that any Landseer puppies or even adults will be there; however, it’s always worth a look. If the shelter route fails, you could also look into adopting through a rescue. But like with breeders, you won’t find a pure Landseer rescue within the US or UK.

You’ll have to search through Newfoundland rescues and find a dog that fits the Landseer white & black description. An excellent example of a Newfoundland rescue you should look through is the Newfoundland Rescue Network.

This network will point you towards adoptable Landseers as well as other Newfoundland dogs that need a new home.

Once you do find a suitable Landseer, you should ask as many questions about their background as you can: what’s their medical history, do they have biting issues, how are they with other dogs, etc.

Ask all the questions you need to ensure you feel comfortable about bringing the Landseer into your home. After all, the more information you get, the easier the transition will be for both of you.

And after you feel comfortable with the answers, you should expect to spend somewhere between $50 and $300. It'll all depend on the organization you’re buying from and other factors such as medical expenses.

Conclusion: Is the Landseer is the Right Dog For You?

The Landseer temperament is adaptable to many different environments; suburban, rural, country or city life all fits his outgoing personality. But he isn’t the right fit for someone who’s always working.

He needs a constant source of human attention, or he’s going to act out mischievously. Aside from this one little requirement and his size, there isn’t anything about him that should concern a prospective owner.

If there’s one word to describe the Groenendal temperament, it's energetic. He’s always looking for new ways to entertain himself and loves activities with high levels of exercise. As a result, he can become a fantastic companion for a person with a high-energy lifestyle.

This quality isn’t the only that makes him an ideal fit for a lot of households either; he also has a friendly and gentle disposition that makes him a loving part of the family. His protective instincts make him an outstanding defender of his owner’s home as well.

But if he’s in the wrong hands, he can quickly become a tornado of mischief around your home. Given this information, you must understand the aspects of the Groenendael temperament we discuss below before bringing one home.

The Groenendael Temperament & Personality

The following discussion will showcase why the Groenendael temperament makes him a fantastic companion. But it’ll also highlight some situations where he might not be the ideal dog for a particular owner or household.

Gentle & Friendly

One of the best aspects of the Groenendael temperament is his overall gentleness. He’s a dog that adores his family, and it shows in the bond he creates with them. This affection will even extend to small children, which is a rarity among other dog breeds.

And he’s even known to get along with other pets as well; however, he does better with pets he raised alongside. If you bring a new pet into your home, the Groenendael dominant temperament can be an issue without proper socialization.

This sense of protectiveness comes from his deep love for the people he sees as his family. His affection for his family is so deep that he tends to suffer from separation anxiety: a form of stress brought on by the absence of his owners.

This condition could lead to some destructive behavior around your home. As a result, if you’re always out of the house for long periods, it’s best to avoid getting a Groenendael.

High Activity Level

If you’re looking for a couch potato dog, the Groenendael temperament isn’t going to be a good fit. He has an extremely high level of energy that’ll make even an experienced owner squirm at certain points.

The Groenendael exercise needs are almost unrivaled in the dog community. He needs at least an hour of both physical and mental stimulation to keep him on his best behavior.

If you don’t provide this daily, he’s known to seek it out himself. In other words, he’ll find different ways to release his built up energy. None of these ways will be things you want him to do.

It’ll be actions such as tearing apart pillows, tipping over the trash, or chewing on your shoes. You can avoid these situations by offering many different activities: running, walking, hiking, extensive play, etc.

But whatever you choose, you must remain consistent, or he’ll become an intelligent troublemaker that’s hard to handle.

Intelligent

The Groenendael temperament features an incredibly high IQ. This high level of intelligence makes them easy to train and capable of learning advanced commands; they're uniquely able to do police work and training in dog sports.

It also means you can quickly reinforce good Groenendael behaviors and redirect bad ones; therefore, if a new pet enters the house, he’ll promptly adapt based on your reactions to the animal’s presence.

This ability also helps with meeting new people, as he tends to be wary of strangers; however, this feeling can switch rapidly to acceptance based on your interactions with the person.

But there’s a downside to his high IQ. In some cases, it can make him somewhat stubborn, which can cause a whole bunch of issues. And without proper socialization from an early age, his intelligence can make him shy and independent.

Protective

As with most Shepherd breeds, the Groenendael temperament allows him to a fantastic watchdog. Given the Groenendael size and loyalty, he’ll be a handful for any intruder that enters your home.

This protective nature will extend to everyone he sees as family. He also has been known to follow his owner around the home. This trait comes from his need to ensure his loved ones are safe at all times.

It also helps that his high IQ allows him to establish what represents a threat and what doesn’t easily. He isn’t the type of watchdog that’ll bark at every passerby but instead will assess the situation first.

From there, he’ll use his smarts and determine whether or not he needs to act. It’s little traits like this one that made him such a popular pick among shepherds for centuries.

A Brief Discussion of the Groenendael History

Also known as the Belgian Sheepdog, the Groenendael has been a prominent fixture in Europe since the late 19th century. Around this time, dog breeders within Europe became intrigued with developing dog breeds in their countries.

From this interest, Belgium dog breeders concluded there were four different types of herding dogs within their country around 1891: Groenendael, Laekenois, Tervuren, and Malinois. All of these breeds were incredibly similar to each other except in one area: their coat.

And the name Groenendael was given to the breed with the long, black coat in 1910. After being established as a breed, he was used for police work in cities like Paris throughout the early 1900s. The American Kennel also recognized him in 1912 during this time.

His popularity would continue to rise during World War I as he was used in several roles in the war: messenger, sentry, and pulling machine guns. Soldiers grew attached to them and sought them as companions once the fighting stopped.

The Groenendael Appearance

As a double-coated breed, the Groenendael is well known for its ability to do well in cold climates. This characteristic is one of the more distinctive Groenendal traits and makes him an attractive option for many owners.

This double coat also means he’ll have a coarse top layer and a soft undercoat. Both of them will work together to ensure he can deal with the various elements around him. His undercoat’s density will differ depending on where he ends up living.

Just like his fellow European shepherd dog breeds, he’s a large dog with brown eyes and triangle-shaped ears. In most cases, you can expect a full-grown Groenendael weight to be between 44 and 66 pounds.

His fur on his head and the front side of his legs will be shorter than anywhere else. He also has a large amount of long hair in the area around his neck. This feature is called the collarette and is one of the easiest ways to tell a dog’s a Groenendael.

The collarette is most often seen in males and will emerge alongside a trail of long hair: this trail goes down his front legs and thighs. His coat color will fall into one of two categories: black or black with a little bit of white located between his toes, paw pads, or on his chest.

The Groenendael colors are what separate him from the other Belgium shepherds. We should also note that the Groenendael height is 22 to 26 inches.

All You Need to Know About the Groenendael Training Experience

The high energy Groenendael temperament makes them an easy breed to train with the right owner. It also helps that he has a high IQ, which means he can quickly grasp new concepts and commands.

During training sessions, you stick to using reward and praise techniques and avoid harsh methods at all cost. Discipline training methods will make him less susceptible to your efforts. It’ll only make him uninterested and aloof to your commands.

His high IQ does come with one slight side effect as it can make him stubborn. But if you use the right techniques, you should have little to no issue training him. It’s also essential you stick with the same methods from the start of your training and stay patient.

Once you do get a feel for the training, he will take to the sessions quickly. In fact, he loves it so much that he tends to be skillful in many dog sports: agility courses, herding competitions, obedience trials, etc.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Groenendael dog take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

The Groenendael Grooming Requirements

There’s a lot of fantastic things about the Groenendael, but his maintenance level isn’t one of them. His double coat requires a vast amount of upkeep to ensure it shedding doesn’t become a significant issue.

You should expect to give him a thorough brushing about once a week. This brushing should increase during his heavy shed periods: occurring around the beginning of each season. It’s best you brush down all the way to their skin using a pin brush.

This technique is called “line brushing,” which is something your groomer can teach you during your next visit. Other brushing tools that could be helpful are products like a slicker brush, mat comb, and an undercoat rake.

It also a good idea to give him a warm bath when he's heavily shedding as well. This bath will cause his hair follicles to soften up, which will make brushing him much easier. It’ll also keep both the tangling and shedding down to a manageable level.

Other than the baths during the heavy-shedding periods, their bathing requirements are rather mundane. It’ll only be necessary when he ends up rolling in something unpleasant or has too much fun in the mud.

Everything else you need to know about his grooming requirements fall under basic care: brushing their teeth weekly, trimming nails monthly, and checking ears for build ups regularly.

Relevant Groenendael Health Issues

A little good news for prospective owners is this breed isn’t prone to any significant illness. As a result, the Groenendael lifespan tends to be a bit above average ranging between 10 and 12 years.

But this good news doesn’t mean they’re immune to all health issues. The following minor conditions are something you need to aware as a prospective Groenendael owner:

Each of these minor conditions can make your pup’s life rather difficult. It’s best to keep up with regular vet visits, which will ensure you have a professional monitoring your dog’s health. But even with these visitations, he might still fall victim to these issues.

With this in mind, it’s necessary you find a reputable breeder who takes pride in breeding the healthiest dogs possible. These breeders will have paperwork containing the following certifications and evaluations of the puppy’s parents:

  • OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) certification and evaluation for Hip Dysplasia
  • OFA certification and evaluation for Elbow Dysplasia
  • Eye evaluation from the CERF (Canine Eye Registration Foundation)

Puppies who have parents these certifications and evaluations tend to have less risk of developing these issues. Breeders without this paperwork are typically trying to make a quick buck.

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Finding Your Groenendael

If you understand everything about the Groenendael and feel he’s your choice, you have another decision to make: adopt or buy. The good news is he’s a reasonably popular breed, which means you’ll have a ton of options with either choice.

Groenendael For Sale

If you feel more comfortable buying a Groenendael, the first place you should check is the American Kennel Club. This club will point you toward reputable breeders who operate under their guidelines.

But you’ll have to search under their other name, Belgian Sheepdog, or you won’t find any results. Remember, the Groenendael Belgian Shepherd distinct feature is its black coat coloring: this will be key in separating him from the other three Belgian Shepherds.  

If there isn't any available, you could also try looking at the Belgian Sheepdog Club of America. Just like the AKC, this club has its code of ethics their breeders have to follow. These guidelines prohibit selling Groenendael puppies to pet stores.

It also makes sure any breeders associated with them obtain the proper health clearances before breeding. There are sites like Puppyfinder.com as well, which will show you the closest Groenendael puppy for purchase. But regardless, you must ensure you meet with the breeder before you purchase the dog. It’s essential you make sure everything is up to code, and nothing seems fishy. Look out for warning signs such as numerous litters, can pay online via credit card, lack the proper certifications, etc.

If the breeder displays any of these qualities, find a new one. There’s no reason you should contribute to the endangerment of dogs by buying from an unfit breeder. After all, there are plenty of reputable ones out there; you just have to do a little research.

Once you do find one of these high-quality breeders, a Groenendael price should be somewhere between $1200 and $1400.

Groenendael For Adoption

Given the amount of Groenendaels sitting in shelters and rescues, adopting is a route many prospective owners choose. If you’re one of these people, you should check out the Belgian Sheepdog Rescue Trust, which is a Groenendael rescue.

This organization will point you towards numerous dogs that are need of a new forever home. It’s essential you do realize some of them will be coming from neglectful situations; therefore, the transition into your home might be a little challenging.

If this rescue doesn’t have any available dogs, you could try going down to your local shelter. There’s a decent chance a Groenendael is sitting in that shelter waiting to meet you. And if there’s not, it never hurts to let them know your interest in the breed.

There are sites like Adoptapet.com as well, which will show you nearest adoptable Groenendael. As you can see, you have many different options to choose from in the adoption process.

But before you do take one home, please make sure you ask the rescue or shelter some background questions. Getting information about his overall temperament, medical history, and previous home will make his transition into your life smoother.

After you ask your questions and are comfortable with the answers, you can begin the adoption process. The whole thing should cost around $300 depending on some factors such as rescue or shelter and medical costs.

Conclusion: Is The Groenendael the Right Dog For You?

If you’re looking for a high-energy, friendly companion, the Groenendael temperament is an ideal fit. He loves rigorous exercise, and his overall gentle nature would make him a perfect pet for you.

But if you’re a first-time looking for a low attention-seeking dog, you should move onto a different breed. He’ll overwhelm you, and all his bad behaviors will outshine the good ones.

The Mudi temperament is one full of life. He’s a high-energy, fun-loving dog that will light up whatever room he enters. It also helps that he’s one of the smartest dog breeds in the entire dog community, which makes him highly trainable.

These Mudi traits make him an excellent companion for a person with an active lifestyle. And he could be a delight for someone in need of non-aggressive watchdog. It’s qualities like these that him such a sought after commodity in some circles.

But his high-energy personality could be quite overwhelming, and his vigilance could be slightly annoying for some owners. As a result, you must determine which side you fall on before you decide on getting a Mudi.

The Mudi Temperament & Personality

From the discussion of the Mudi temperament below, you’ll start to understand why he’s an ideal fit. But it’ll also showcase the reasons he isn’t an excellent fit for first-time owners and people living in city areas.

1. Active & Playful

The Mudi temperament is one full of energy. This little guy is always in search of new ways to find physical stimulation and considers playing his favorite pastime; therefore, he’s the perfect fit for someone with an active lifestyle.

You can take him on a walk, hike, run, or even teach him to play Frisbee. All these activities are things he would love and could do wonders in fulfilling the Mudi exercise needs. But if you don’t give him enough action, he will seek it out himself.

In doing so, he can become very mischievous and find himself creating a lot of trouble. Even at the Mudi’s height, it’s essential you don’t underestimate his jumping ability either as it’s quite impressive. It’s why he’s so skillful at agility courses.

And since a backyard is a necessity with this breed, it’s best you have at least a six-foot fence; it will do more than enough to stop him from jumping over it.

2. Fearless & Protective

Even though the Mudi size is quite small for a dog, he will be fearless in taking on larger predators. You can imagine this tendency is quite problematic when he comes in contact with larger animals such as bears.

But in terms of being a defender of your home, his fearlessness can be a useful deterrent against intruders. He will not hesitate to alert you when danger presents itself; however, he will not attack unless he confirms it’s genuinely a threat.

As a result, the Mudi is the perfect guard dog as he won’t violently escalate a situation unless necessary. This fearlessness comes from his willingness to protect the people he sees as his flock.

It also makes him shy around strangers, and it’s not uncommon for him to bark when one is approaching. But after several introductions, he will soon accept them and become friendly.

Their protective nature does make them frequent barkers, which can be somewhat annoying. But like most negative Mudi behaviors, this trait is something you control by teaching them a stop command.

3. Intelligent

The Mudi temperament features a level of intelligence that is only rivaled by the Border Collie. This high level of smarts allows him to learn quickly. He’s capable of absorbing any command you might want him to learn.

But this intelligence also can be a burden for a dog owner. It requires a level of mental stimulation that you don’t often see in dog breeds. And if he doesn’t get it, he’ll find other ways to challenge his mind.

These other ways aren’t something you like to experience and are often stress-inducing: barking at every passerby or digging up the backyard are favorite activities for the Mudi. Due to this, it’s essential you keep challenging him training wise.

Given the various commands and activities that suit him, it shouldn’t be too difficult. But it will be time-consuming and could be overwhelming for a first-time owner.

4. Affectionate & Loving

Known for loving his owner more than anything, the Mudi temperament is one with an affectionate and loving side. You can expect him to form bonds with the whole family; however, he develops a significant relationship with the person he sees as his handler.

And you can tell who this person is rather quickly because he won’t leave their side. He finds it necessary to always be by your side just in case you might need him. As a result, privacy is a foreign concept to him.

We also should note that because of their small size Mudi could be good with children. But you should still watch their interactions with them though as he might become wary depending on the kid’s aggressiveness.

A Brief Look at the Mudi History

The first thing you need to understand about the Mudi’s history is it's somewhat mysterious. His origins remain an enigma for dog breed experts around the world. But what we do know is a man named Dr. Dezso Fenyes first recognized him in 1936 within Hungary.

During this time, he was used by shepherds for herding flocks and picked up the nickname the “driver dog.”  His herding ability has made many experts theorize he’s related to the other Hungarian herding breeds: the Pumi and the Puli.

Shortly after being discovered in 1936, Mudis were almost completely wiped out thanks to World War II. But there were a few who survived the war, and the breed started to thrive once again.

The Mudi even managed to get acknowledged by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) in 1966. The United Kennel Club took a little bit longer to recognize him but ultimately followed suit in 2006.

The Mudi Appearance

Given their high-activity level, it’s no surprise that the Mudi has an athletic physique. He’s a well-built medium sized dog who’s eager to enjoy any physical activity. You can expect a Mudi weight to hover anywhere between 18 and 29 pounds.

His topline will have a noticeable slope leading down his back. His ears will stand at attention on the top of his head. This area of his body and legs will have a shorter smoother fur than the rest of his coat; a longer almost curly coat will cover everywhere else.

His coat will be longest on the backside of his front legs and upper thighs, which will have noticeable feathering.

Regarding the available Mudi colors, you’ll have an option of picking between a few choices: white, fawn, ash, black, blue merle, and brown.

It’s essential we note that Mudi can only have a small portion of his coat be white. This white area will typically be on his toes or chest. Since his fur can be messy, it’s not uncommon for him to have cow-licks or knots in his coat.

Training the Mudi

If you use the right techniques, the Mudi temperament makes him a delight to train. Due to this, it’s imperative you use positive methods rather than harsh ones. If you do use harsh tactics, it’ll only make them shy and unresponsive to your commands.

Owners often find success with a treat-based reward system as he loves treats and will do anything for them. It also essential you understand that potty training can be an issue for this breed; therefore, you must stay vigilant about his potty signals to avoid bathroom accidents.

But once you get the basics down, you can move onto the more fun commands. He’s particularly well-suited for work in dog sports such as obedience or agility course. His high level of activity makes him a good candidate for search and rescue work as well.

In other words, there’s very little you can’t reasonably expect to train them. And since they’re eager to please their owners, it can be quite fun for you as well.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Mudi dog your should take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

The Mudi Grooming

If you want a dog with low-maintenance requirements, the Mudi would be a good option for you. His coat is capable of repelling dirt, which means bathing isn’t a frequent need; an as-needed approach will be fine.

In other words, his baths should take place only when he has become dirty or picks up a nasty smell. It’s best to use a vet recommended shampoo when you do bathe him: it’ll protect his skin and coat.

He does require a weekly brushing thanks to his shedding, which happens seasonally. During these brushing sessions, a bristle brush should do the trick. You can switch to a steel brush when his fur might be suffering from some severe mats or tangles.

His other grooming requirements fall under what we consider basic care: trim his nails every few weeks, brush his teeth weekly, and check his ears for build ups regularly. One special note about these basic care requirements is the Mudi hates getting his nails clipped.

As a result, a nail grinder would be a better option than your typical nail clipper with this breed.

Relevant Mudi Health Issues

This breed is a healthy one generally speaking. The Mudi lifespan is even quite a bit higher than your typical dog at 12 to 14 years. But there are some health issues you have to be aware of as a Mudi owner:

You can keep most of these conditions in check by keeping up with your regular vet visits. A visitation about your dog’s health is always an excellent idea to ensure your dog remains in good shape.

There are other things you can do to help your Mudi dog avoid some of these conditions, however. Ensuring their parents have all the right certifications and evaluations would be a good start; therefore, having an open dialogue with your breeder is an essential step of being a dog owner.

These breeders should have the following paperwork, and it’s a must you ensure that they do:

  • OFA evaluation and certification for Hip Dysplasia
  • OFA evaluation and certification for Elbow Dysplasia
  • Eye examination by a certified veterinary ophthalmologist

If your breeder doesn’t have this paperwork, it’s best to find a different breeder. After all, these certifications and evaluations are standard procedure for any good breeder. Not having them is one of the most significant warning signs something isn’t quite right.

Note: Our Health is #1 Priority. It should be no different or your Mudi. But you need to help him. The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health is the answer. This handy guide will help you recognize the symptoms of the health problems above. Get the knowledge to stay ahead of these terrible issues that can rob your lovely Affe from vigor and life. Help your friend make it to 14 yrs+ without pain and suffering.

Finding Your Mudi

If everything about the Mudi temperament seems to mesh with your household, there’s one more decision you must make: adopt or buy. But with either choice, it could be hard to find a Mudi in the US, as he’s a rare breed.

At this point, it’s all becomes about what your preference is as a prospective owner.

Mudi For Sale

Finding reputable Mudi breeders will be a tough task, but not impossible when you know where to look. Your search should always start with the ever-reliable American Kennel Club. This site will track down breeders who operate under their guidelines and recommend them to you.

But sometimes, this club can have a lack of results. If this situation happens, you should try looking into the Mudi Club of America: it maintains a list of reputable breeders at all times. And all of them adhere to the strict breeding guidelines the club provides.

There are also sites like Puppyfinder.com, which will give you a list of the nearest Mudi puppies. But the breeders on these sites don’t have to follow specific breeding guidelines; therefore, you must stay vigilant.

You should honestly stay vigilant about any breeders you might come across. Buying a puppy is a delicate situation and making sure everything feels right should be a high priority. As a result, it’s crucial you look out for warning signs of a bad breeder.

A few of these would be things like numerous litters, unsanitary breeding facilities, able to buy a puppy online via credit card, etc. You should also ensure the puppy you intend on buying has the right certifications and evaluations necessary for their breed.

It’s little things like these factors that will determine whether or not your buying experience is a good one. And if your breeder exhibits any of these warning signs, don’t hesitate to dump them immediately.

But once you do find the right breeder, it’s essential you understand the amount of money you’re looking at spending. In most cases, a Mudi puppy price will vary between $800 and $1000 depending on certain factors such as bloodlines.   

Mudi For Adoption

Adopting a Mudi is also an acceptable choice, but the amount of adoptable Mudis can be scarce. You’ll have to rely on sites like Adoptapet.com or puppyfinder.com as there aren’t any Mudi rescue organizations within the US.

These sites will alert you to the nearest adoptable Mudi and give you the contact information. You can also always go down to your local shelter or humane society. It’s rather unlikely a Mudi will be there, but it never hurts to at least look.

And you can give them your contact information to ensure you get a phone call when one does come through. But regardless of whom you adopt your Mudi from, you should ask them some questions before bringing him home.

It’s crucial you ask as many background questions as possible about his previous situation, medical issues, temperament, etc. The answers will give you an idea of what you’re getting yourself into as a prospective owner.

After all, dogs that end up in a shelter or rescue are often coming from neglectful situations. Understanding everything about that environment could make his transition into your house a much smoother one.

If you feel comfortable with the answers given, an adoptable Mudi puppy price usually hovers around $300. This figure covers things like medical cost, room/board, food, and other expenses the organization paid during the dog’s stay.

Conclusion: Is the Mudi the Right Dog For You?

If you’re looking for a high-energy, smaller dog, the Mudi temperament could be an excellent option for you. He’d love to accompany you during your run and will give plenty of affection when you’re winding down at home.

But if you’re living in a city area and looking for a low-energy dog, a Mudi isn’t the right pick. He will aggravate you with his troublemaking tendencies and constant need for physical stimulation. It’s also best for first-time owners to avoid getting this dog as well.

The Stabyhoun (properly pronounced Sta-BYE-hoon but sometimes STAB-be-hoon) is a rare dog whose name is very fitting: Stabyhoun means “stand by me” in Dutch. The name aptly describes the Stabyhoun temperament.

In the past, this breed has worked as small game hunter and pest exterminator. Today he is more likely to be a companion dog because of his gentle, loving, and loyal disposition.

The Stabyhoun temperament, though, is not for everyone. If you’re thinking about adding a Staby (his common nickname) to your family, you will want to take the whole package into consideration.

The Stabyhoun Temperament

Intelligent

The Stabyhoun is a smart breed and learns quickly. He needs a gentle hand, though, or he will choose not to obey.

Loyal

This breed wants to be near his people—always. He becomes very attached to adults and children. Some say he may become too attached!

Eager to Please

The Stabyhoun is very obedient with proper training. He wants to make you happy.

Stubborn

Without that training, however, he will show you his stubborn side when he doesn’t feel like obeying.

Joyful

This is a happy breed. They love life, and it shows.

Social

The Stabyhoun temperament is not a good match for a home where no one is home during the day. He needs to be with his people.

He may develop separation anxiety if you leave him alone for long periods of time.

Independent

The Stabyhoun has a mind of his own because of the job he was bred to do. He was expected to destroy prey on his own, with no human supervision. He trusts his own instincts—possibly more than yours.

Sensitive

This is a gentle breed that needs a light touch with training. He does not respond well to harsh correction methods.

He likes a calm environment. A chaotic home will cause him distress. Loud noises can make him anxious.

Gentle

The Stabyhoun traits of calmness and tolerance make him an ideal family dog. This is not an aggressive breed. He loves children and is good with them.

Affectionate

The Stabyhoun is very cuddly. He loves to be touching his people and to “give kisses.” He may need a little extra training here if that bothers you.

Energetic

The Stabyhoun has a lot of energy and needs a moderate level of exercise.

Agile

He is quick and athletic. He is a natural at agility, rally, and other canine sporting events. This would also give him the physical and mental stimulation he needs.

Playful

He will enjoy playing active games with the kids like flyball, and he also loves to swim.

Prey Drive

The Stabyhoun is a hunter bred to find and retrieve. They aren’t used much more as hunters anymore, but some Stabyhoun still have the instinctive drive to chase small animals. You will need to keep this guy contained.

And good luck getting him to stop digging! He’s hunting for rodents. At that moment, he’s obeying a drive much more powerful than his desire to please you.

Inquisitive

He is curious and likes to explore. He needs a fenced-in yard. Never exercise him off-leash. He will roam.

Vocal

The Stabyhoun makes an excellent watchdog in spite of his gentle disposition. They bark, and some bark a lot.

Excitable

The Stabyhoun temperament is generally calm, but he is always alert and watchful. He will bark if he perceives something new in his environment and can become agitated.

Friendly

He is friendly with nearly anyone. Some say he is friendly to all, but he’s a friend to only a few.

That friendliness includes most strangers. However, if he feels cornered by one, he may snarl.

Stabyhoun History

Dog historians can track this breed back to the early 1800s in the Netherlands. He was used as both a hunting dog for small game and a farm dog to kill moles, rats, and skunks.

He is also a versatile hunting dog who can point, track, and retrieve.

Most early hunting dogs were kept by the nobility for sport hunting. The Stabyhoun, however, is unique. He was more of a “poor man’s dog.”

The hunting he did was mostly with poachers.

The Stabyhoun was also popular with farmers. He served a lot of purposes for the expense of keeping only one dog.

For example, he hunted rabbits and birds. He kept the farm free of rodents and skunks. He was a good watchdog, and dairy farmers used him to pull dogcarts.

On top of all of that, he was a great companion and housedog.

Today, farmers and hunters in the Netherlands still prize the Stabyhoun temperament for its gentleness. Some still use him as a working and hunting dog, but now he is more likely to be kept as a pet.

There are better hunting dogs than the Stabyhoun, but it’s hard to find a better canine companion.

The breed is only beginning to gain popularity outside of the Netherlands.

Stabyhoun Training

The Stabyhoun is a fast learner and eager to please. He needs gentle training and a light touch. If you use harsh training methods, he will shut down and stop obeying orders.

But he does need firm and consistent guidance, or he can become unmanageable. He will sometimes get lost in his own world while exploring and will tune you out.

Finding the right balance between a gentle touch and firm expectations can be hard. For this reason, the Ameri-Can Stabyhoun Association (ASA) considers the Stabyhoun a dog that is not for everyone.

On the job, he is self-motivated to work, chasing and destroying small animals. You may have a problem with trying to control his instinctive Stabyhoun behaviors.

You will need to restrain him at all times with a leash and a fenced-in yard. The neighbors won’t appreciate his digging in their flowerbeds!

The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan a world-class Dog Trainer from New Zealand is worth taking a look at. This online resource has hundreds of fun informative dog training videos that can help you learn the basics and more.

Stabyhoun Appearance

Stabyhoun Size

This is a medium-sized breed. Ideal Stabyhoun weight is 45 pounds for females and 50 pounds for males. Stabyhoun height is ideally 19 inches for females and 20-1/2 inches for male.

Stabyhoun Colors

The Stabyhoun’s coat is white with black, brown, or orange markings. A Staby is immediately recognizable by its distinctive solid-colored head. It is usually black, but it can also be brown.

Stabyhoun Health Issues

The Stabyhoun is overall a healthy breed. But like all dogs, they are prone to certain conditions. Luckily, these conditions are rare in the Stabyhoun.

They are susceptible to:

The Dutch Association for Stabyhouns and Wetterhouns (NVSW) in Holland and the ASA are committed to maintaining a breeding program to further lower the risk of these conditions.

They recommend screening all Stabyhouns for cerebral dysfunction and hip and elbow dysplasia.

Note: Don't let the many issues above scare you. The best way to approach health problems is to prevent them in the first place. The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health is a great place to start. Get a copy to keep at home. It will help you prevent the painful health issues that can plague your lovely Canaan pet from expressing his winning personality and maximizing his life expentancy.

Stabyhoun Lifespan

The Stabyhoun life expectancy is 13-15 years.

Caring for the Stabyhoun

Stabyhoun Grooming

Interestingly, Stabyhouns will develop a “castrated coat” if they are spayed or neutered. Then they will “blow” their undercoats seasonally and will need frequent brushing.

Intact Stabyhouns are easier to care for. They have short coats that are nearly self-cleaning with a good shake. They only need an occasional brushing.

You should not bathe your Stabyhoun often. It strips the oil from his skin and could cause skin problems.

A quick brush and rinse are usually enough unless he has a bad odor from something he got into. Then you should use a special gentle shampoo. Ask your vet for recommendations.

Stabyhoun Diet

A high-quality dry food will serve the Stabyhoun well.

Stabyhoun Exercise

The Stabyhoun has a moderate need for exercise. An hour a day is usually enough.

The Stabyhoun temperament, however, needs mental stimulation. He is a smart dog who likes to be busy.

If he lives on a farm, he will happily exercise himself. If not, he will do best if he has some type of regular activity, such as hunting or canine sporting activities. The more variety in his activities, the better.

If your Stabyhoun gets enough physical and mental stimulation, he will be content to lie around the house with his people.

Finding a Stabyhoun

Buying a Stabyhoun Puppy from a Breeder

Finding a Stabyhoun for sale may be difficult. This is still a rare breed in North America. If you want to add one to your family, you will need patience.

There are only a few breeders in the US. The ASA is the place to start your search for a good one. They maintain a breeding program and keep a waiting list for Stabyhoun puppies. You can apply for a puppy on their site.

The ASA states the waiting time could be 2-3 months for a pup.

If you’re not able to find a Stabyhoun in North America, you may want to look into importing one from Europe.

The NVSW or the UK Stabyhoun Association would be the best sources for this.

The two clubs operate from a central breeder’s directory. The NVSW also keeps a list of other European Stabyhoun breeder organizations.

Stabyhoun price from a US breeder is about $2000. Prices in Europe appear to be between $1450 and $1700 plus shipping fees. Stabyhoun breeders do their best to keep cost affordable. Many are hobby breeders who are not in it for profit.

In fact, the ASA and European breeding clubs dedicate some pups from each new litter to hobby breeders. If you are willing to breed your Stabyhoun, you will be given priority on the waiting list.

As the Stabyhoun breed becomes more popular in the US, more folks are taking part in the breeding program. Stabyhoun puppies are gradually becoming more available in the US.

Once you find a breeder, you will want to be sure that that they are reputable. Never buy a puppy online without checking up on the breeder first.

Avoid Puppy Mills

Rare breeds can be especially profitable for puppy mills, but they are disastrous for the dogs. Sometimes they can also be nightmares for the owners.

The “care” they get until they are sold can be horrendous. These breeders aren’t concerned about the physical or genetic health of the pups or the parents.

Responsible breeders won’t breed dogs with health issues. What’s more, a good breeder will guarantee the health of their puppies.

They will also ask you to return your Stabyhoun to them if for any reason you need to surrender it. (Most will demand it in the adoption contract.)

With a puppy mill, you get no such guarantee. Their puppies will probably not have been vetted or vaccinated. They will have received no early training. Worst of all, they could have serious health issues.

So how do you know if a breeder is reputable? Word of mouth is the best way. Try attending a canine sporting event where you may find other Stabyhoun aficionados.

Another good way to get a recommendation is to look for online forums or Facebook groups for people who love Stabyhouns. Social media sources like this exist for nearly every breed.

Finding a Stabyhoun for Adoption or Rescue

One Stabyhoun breeder estimates that there are no more than 300 of them in the US as of March 2019. The likelihood of finding a Stabyhoun at a shelter or rescue is very low.

However, it wouldn’t hurt to notify local shelters and let them know that you’re looking for one.

At the time of this writing, an Internet search for Stabyhoun rescue turned up nothing. You may want to try contacting the breed clubs mentioned above. If there are any rescue programs for the Stabyhoun, they would know of them.

Is the Stabyhoun the Right Breed for You?

The Stabyhoun is very smart, a “thinking dog.” Like all intelligent dogs, he needs firm guidance and training. You need to be a step ahead of him. Otherwise, he can be willful and hard to control.

The Stabyhoun needs to learn early that obeying is not optional.

Once he does, he will make up for his occasional stubbornness with all the love and loyalty you could want from a dog.

He has a joyful attitude toward life and a real need to show his love and affection for his family.

If you train him properly, these Stabyhoun temperament traits make him an ideal choice for a family companion dog. Finding one may take patience, but the Stabyhoun is well worth the wait.

The Kishu is a special Japanese breed. It is a primitive dog bred for hunting boar and deer. The Kishu temperament makes them great sporting dogs and outdoor companions.

You may also hear this breed called by his Japanese names of Kishu Ken or Kishu-Inu. (Inu and Ken are both Japanese for dog.)

The Kishu has an intense prey drive. He still has his primitive instincts as a hunter, and that is his distinguishing trait.

However, the Kishu temperament includes traits that also make him a wonderful family dog. In the right circumstances, the Kishu can be a loving and loyal family companion.

The Kishu Temperament and Personality

Noble

The Kishu has a dignified and self-confident demeanor.

Intelligent

The Kishu is a smart breed that is easy to train. He is a “thinking dog” who is good at problem solving.

Independent

The Kishu is a hunter who trusts his instincts. He is used to making his own decisions.

However, he is not like most intelligent, independent dogs. With the right training methods, he is easier to train. The Kishu temperament is not particularly stubborn.

Devoted

The Kishu bonds closely to his family. He wants to be near them as much as he can.

Loving

Kishu are very loving and affectionate with their families. They love to be included in family activities.

Loyal

Kishu are fiercely loyal to their people. They tend to be one-person or one-family dogs.

Docile

The Kishu temperament is quiet and gentle. He does not bark a lot.

Playful

The Kishu loves to play. He enjoys outdoor games and free play in large outdoor spaces.

Child-friendly

His playfulness, gentleness, and devotion make him a great companion for children.

Driven

The Kishu was originally a boar hunter. He has high energy and a strong drive to hunt. Small pets may not be safe around him.

You will also want to keep him contained in a fenced-in yard. Otherwise, he will chase anything that catches his attention.

Active

This high-energy breed likes to be busy. He needs outdoor activity and exercise. He would not be a good choice for apartment living.

Athletic

The Kishu is an agile breed. He does well in sporting activities. He especially shines in activities like obedience and agility that require a strong bond between dog and owner.

Alert

He is attentive to what is going on in his environment. He watches over his family.

Resourceful

The Kishu traits of resourcefulness and intelligence make him a good problem solver. If he doesn’t have enough space in the yard, he may dig under the fence.

You may see other creative Kishu behaviors if he doesn’t get enough mental or physical stimulation.

Courageous

Kishu are brave hunters. They face wild boars in their traditional work.

Aloof

Kishu are approachable by strangers but not overly friendly. They are not aggressive toward people, however. They don’t make good watchdogs.

In general, they can be aloof with other dogs. If they are socialized with them early, they can be trained to get along with other dogs. Otherwise, he can be combative with them.

He generally doesn’t do well in groups of dogs, and typically doesn’t enjoy dog parks or day care.

High Energy

As a working dog, the Kishu temperament is energetic. He needs lots of space to burn energy. He is equally happy with work or play.

High Prey Drive

The Kishu is an instinctive hunter. Small pets may not be safe around him.

It’s possible to socialize your Kishu to live peacefully with other animals, but you will need to start early.

Kishu History

The Kishu is a primitive dog. Primitive dogs are breeds that have kept their earliest natural instincts.

The Kishu has physical and genetic ties with the wolf. The Japanese often give them names that honor the wolf.

He originated on the Kii Peninsula in the Kishu area of Japan. The Kishu has historically been a hunting dog. Some Kishu still hunt large game in their native Japan.

During World War II, American soldiers brought dogs with them into Japan. These dogs cross-bred with the Japanese dogs and modified the genetics of the native breeds.

The Kishu lived in an isolated, mountainous region of Japan. For this reason, they retained their native state better than other Japanese breeds.

They are still considered one of the “purest” dogs in existence.

Outside of Japan, the international United Kennel Club recognized the Kishu in 2006. The American Kennel Club (AKC) in America has admitted him to their Foundation Stock Service.

Kishu Training

The Kishu temperament makes him fairly easy to train. Luckily, they are not as stubborn as many other intelligent breeds.

He needs gentle training, however. Positive reinforcement works best for him. Like all breeds, his training needs to be consistent.

You may have to work at finding the right motivation for him. Some are food motivated. Others may prefer a favorite toy.

A Kishu can get along with other pets in your home if socialization is done right. You may want to choose a breeder who socializes their puppies with other animals in their first weeks of life.

Compared to many other breeds, he is quite trainable later in life. However, the process may take longer. He will probably need to establish a strong bond with his new owner first.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Kishu dog take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

Kishu Appearance

The Kishu is a medium-sized Spitz-type dog. He has a strong and muscular build.

He has a double coat. The outer coat is short, straight, and rough. His undercoat is thick.

He may have the Spitz-type curled tail or a straight tail like the wolf.

He has a black nose and small erect, or pricked, ears.

Kishu Size

The Kishu height averages 17-22 inches. Kishu weight is 30-60 pounds.

Kishu Colors

Most Kishu are white, but they can also be red, black and tan, or sesame.

Interesting Kishu Facts

Kishu Lifespan

The life expectancy of a Kishu is 11-13 years.

National Treasure

The Kishu is one of six dogs that Japan has named national treasures. They are protected by the Japanese government. The others are the Shiba-Inu, the Akita, the Shikoku, the Hokkaido, and the Kai Ken.

All of the national treasure breeds are rare and hard to find outside of Japan.

Near Extinction

Following World War II, the Kishu breed came close to extinction.

Japanese, European, and American breeders are helping to bring the breed back to reasonable numbers.

Americans have been breeding Kishu since 2000.

A Legendary Breed

Japanese legend has it that a hunter once stopped to help an injured wolf. In return, the wolf promised to give him one of her pups.

The wolf did as she promised, and that pup became the forefather of the Kishu breed. From there, the Kishu went on to become the fearless boar hunter of today.

Kishu Health Issues

The Kishu is a healthy dog. Like all breeds, however, they are susceptible to a few conditions.

The most common include:

Other, more serious conditions are rare and more likely to occur in older dogs. They include:

Note: Don't let the many issues above scare you. The best way to approach health problems is to prevent them in the first place. The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health is a great place to start. Get a copy to keep at home. It will help you prevent the painful health issues that can plague your lovely Canaan pet from expressing his winning personality and maximizing his life expentancy.

Caring for the Kishu

Kishu Grooming

Ordinarily, the Kishu needs weekly brushing. His outer coat is rough and nearly self-cleaning, but his undercoat can become matted.

He will shed that undercoat once or twice a year and will need more frequent brushing during those times.

The Kishu only needs an occasional bath.

His nails grow quickly and need regular clipping. You should check and clean his ears regularly to avoid infection.

As with all dogs, his teeth need brushing on a regular basis.

You will probably find that grooming time with your Kishu will cause him to bond more strongly with you.

Kishu Diet

The Kishu should do well with high-quality food. He has no specific dietary needs.

Kishu Exercise

The Kishu has a need for mental and physical stimulation. They are smart and easily bored, so they need more than a daily walk to be happy.

Remember that Kishu are working dogs. They need space to run and activities to keep them busy.

They do best with some type of work, such as herding or hunting. But they also love organized canine sports, hiking, and long walks on leash.

Visiting new environments is also a good way to mentally stimulate your Kishu.

Finding a Kishu

Buying a Kishu Puppy from a Breeder

Finding a Kishu for sale may be difficult. You will need patience if you decide to go this route.

Again, the Kishu is a rare breed. According to the NKC, there are only about 75 Kishu in North America at the time of this writing.

However, as above, their numbers are growing in the US. The NKC maintains a list of American breeders.

That may be the best place to start. Expect to be put on a waiting list.

You may have a shorter wait if you would consider importing a puppy from Japan.

Because of their status as national treasures, some breeders will not export Kishu puppies. Others will, however.

Importing a Kishu from Europe is also a possibility. There may be breeders in Europe than in the US. The UKC website would be the best place to start.

Because they are still a rare breed, Kishu price would be anywhere from $1000 to $2000. Shipping would be an additional cost.

A final note on purchasing a puppy:

Beware of any Kishu breeders you may find online. You will want to be sure the puppy you are buying is not from a puppy mill.

Because the Kishu is a rare breed, they would be very profitable for puppy mills.

Dogs bred by puppy mills usually receive poor care and sometimes-inhumane conditions. These irresponsible breeders don’t concern themselves with the health or genetic soundness of the puppies or their parents.

A responsible breeder works hard to safeguard the health and genetics of the dogs they breed. They will give you a guarantee of health.

There is no guarantee of any kind with a puppy mill dog.

You will want to be sure to get trustworthy recommendations before choosing a breeder.

You can find online groups and forums for nearly all breeds. This would be a great way to get word-of-mouth information about reputable breeders.

It would also be an opportunity to find out more about living with a Kishu.

Kishu Rescue/Adoption

Finding a Kishu for adoption may be easier than finding a puppy. The NKC offers a rescue service for the Kishu. That would be the best place to start if you are considering a Kishu rescue.

Adopting an adult Kishu would be a great idea. It would provide a home for a dog who needs one.

It would also have many advantages for you. The cost of a Kishu rescue or shelter adoption would be less than buying a puppy from a breeder.

The dog would probably be an adult rather than a puppy. An adult dog would be less time consuming and less work than a puppy.

The shelter or rescue would spay or neuter before they release the dog. He will almost certainly be up to date with his immunizations. He will probably be housebroken.

So You Think You May Want a Kishu?

While the Kishu temperament has a lot going for it, it is not right for everyone. With its strong prey drive and high exercise need, it’s not well suited to every home.

However, if your family is an active one, he could be a great fit for you.

The fact that he is good with kids makes him a great family dog. He also forms strong bonds with his family.

He is an intelligent dog who needs a lot of physical and mental stimulation. Owning one will require a higher-than-usual commitment of time and attention.

But in return, the Kishu temperament will reward your investment with fierce devotion and loyalty.