If you like dogs who have minds of their own but are also friendly and loyal, get to know the Griffon Nivernais temperament.

This breed is not for the first-time dog owner. But if you’re not daunted by the training challenge, he could be just the breed for your family.

Griffon Nivernais Temperament

1. Intelligent

The Griffon Nivernais is a very smart breed. He is easy to train, quick to learn, but he can be stubborn at times.

2. Independent

The Griffon Nivernais temperament can be willful. This independent streak can make obedience training challenging.

It’s very important that this breed gets early and firm obedience training because of its independent nature.

If they’re trained properly, these dogs make obedient and devoted family pets.

3. Dominant

The Griffon Nivernais temperament tends to be dominant. He needs a strong leader and early socialization.

If he doesn’t get this, he is likely to develop unwanted behaviors. He will always believe that he should be in charge, and he will be hard to manage.

For this reason, he is not a good choice for an inexperienced dog owner.

4. Devoted

The Griffon Nivernais temperament is very loyal to its owner and its family. With the right training, he’s a great family dog.

5. Mischievous

This mischievousness can be playful and charming, or it can be destructive. The key is to see that he gets enough exercise and mental stimulation.

6. Affectionate

The Griffon Nivernais loves to give and receive affection. Most love to cuddle.

7. Adaptable

The Griffon Nivernais temperament is well suited to life as a hunter and a family dog. He is content to go from a day of hunting to relaxing at home.

However, he is not as adaptable when it comes to weather. He doesn’t do well in the heat, so he needs to live in a cooler climate.

8. Lively

The Griffon Nivernais is spirited and energetic but not hyperactive.

9. Friendly

He appears a little reserved, even aloof. However, the Griffon Nivernais temperament is actually very friendly, even to strangers.

10. Noisy

This guy is a barker, especially if left alone and bored for too long. He has a “melodious” bay, but not everyone will appreciate it.

11. Pack Hunter

Because of his pack-hunting history, the Griffon Nivernais temperament is usually friendly toward other dogs. He would be very happy in a home with other dogs, but it’s not necessary.

12. Brave

The Griffon Nivernais is traditionally a wolf and boar hunter and guardian of livestock. He is fearless and confident when facing a threat.

13. High Prey Drive

As a hunting dog, he has a high prey drive. He will generally do okay with cats if he grew up with them. However, he is not trustworthy around other small animals.

14. Hardy

The Griffon Nivernais is a robust breed. He has great endurance and good speed over rough terrain. His rough coat protects him from the dense brush.

Griffon Nivernais History

The Griffon Nivernais is a scenthound from France. His origin can be traced back to the 13th century in central France.

His lineage isn’t well known, though. Theories are that he could have descended from Balkan dogs, from the Bulgarian Barak, or from the Gallic Hound, an ancient dog that the Romans brought to France.

The Griffon Nivernais was a popular breed with both French nobility and farmers. He was once called the Chien Gris de St. Louis (in English, the Grey Dog of St. Louis) because King Louis IX is believed to have owned them.

Originally, farmers and shepherds used the Griffon Nivernais to guard livestock and property against wolves and boars. Later he was also used as a hunting dog for large and small game.

The breed came close to extinction following the French Revolution.

By 1925, there were very few remaining. At that time, selective breeding efforts began to restore the Griffon Nivernais. The few remaining dogs were crossbred with the Griffon Vendéen, the English Foxhound, and the Otterhound.

These crosses created the modern Griffon Nivernais. This newer version was originally called “Griffon Vendéen Nivernais.”

The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the Griffon Nivernais in 1959.

The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized it in 1995. As of this writing, the American Kennel Club (AKC) has not yet done so.

Griffon Nivernais Training

The Griffon Nivernais is an excellent and versatile hunter and a loving and loyal family dog. However, he can be challenging to train. He is easily bored and needs short, fun training sessions.

Positive reinforcement is the best way to train this dog. The trainer needs to be firm and consistent. However, harsh training methods will only make the Griffon Nivernais obstinate.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Griffon Nivernais dog, you should take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

Griffon Nivernais Appearance

General Appearance

The Griffon Nivernais is a medium-sized dog with a rectangular shape (length greater than height). He has a rough, shaggy, long-haired coat. This dog looks unkempt and even dirty because of his coloring.

He has a moderately long head and a fairly flat skull. The ears are pendulous and covered with hair. He has bushy eyebrows and a mustache. His eyes are brown with a somewhat sad expression.

He has a black nose and a small beard and bushy mustache. His muzzle is the same length as his skull.

Griffon Nivernais Colors

His coat is called agouti, which means each hair is dark at the root and lighter on the tips. He is usually grey in color—blue-grey, wolf grey, or boar grey. He will sometimes have light brown on his head or legs.

A Griffon Nivernais could also be fawn with black and white hairs mixed in. From a distance, this color looks darker than it really is.

Griffon Nivernais Size

The average Griffon Nivernais height is 22 to 24 inches for males, 23 to 24 inches for females. Griffon Nivernais weight averages 46 to 52 pounds for both genders.

Griffon Nivernais Must-Knows

Other Names

  • Chien Gris de St. Louis.
  • Griffon Vendéen Nivenais.
  • Chien de Pays.
  • Grey Dogs of St. Louis.

Griffon Nivernais Lifespan

The breed’s life expectancy is 10 to 14 years.

Griffon Nivernais Hunting

The Griffon Nivernais is an excellent scenthound and a most enthusiastic hunter. He has great energy and endurance. For these reasons, he has been a favorite of French noblemen for centuries.

Today, he is again one of the most popular hunting dogs in France.

In France and in Spain, he is still used as a hunter of rabbit and wild boar. He is prized by hunters for his bravery, initiative, and independence on the hunt.

These Griffon Nivernais traits are highly valued by hunters, but they make obedience training a Griffon Nivernais difficult.

Griffon Nivernais Health Issues

The Griffon Nivernais is a very robust and healthy breed. The only major concern is his ears. Like any dog with pendulous ears, they can be prone to ear infections.

Otherwise, this breed is very rarely affected by:

Note: if you agree that your health and your dog's health should be a top priority then get a copy of The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health. Your Griffon Nivernais friend will love you for it. This guide will help save you money, time and most of all help you keep your dog healthy.

Caring for the Griffon Nivernais

Griffon Nivernais Grooming

The Griffon Nivernais will always look shaggy and unkempt. But his rough coat functions to keep him clean when he’s hunting in the brush.

He does need brushing every week, though. His mustache and beard need routine combing.

He should not be bathed any more than absolutely necessary. This is to preserve the natural oils in his coat and to protect his skin.

His coat does need special care, however. A few times a year, it needs to be hand stripped, which is actively removing the dead hair from his coat. He needs this in order for new hair to grow in properly.

Some people prefer to take their dogs to a groomer for this. If you would prefer to do it yourself, it’s not a hard technique to learn. There are videos on YouTube that demonstrate how it’s done.

His ears need to be checked and cleaned every week, as above, more if he is hunting.

Griffon Nivernais Diet

The Griffon Nivernais has no specific dietary needs. He should be fed high-quality food, or an active-breed formula if he is hunting or getting regular vigorous exercise.

Griffon Nivernais Exercise

As a hunting breed, this dog has a lot of energy and needs plenty of exercise. This is critical to having a successful relationship with the Griffon Nivernais.

He is not an apartment dog and needs to live in a rural area with plenty of room to play. He’s also fast and agile and likes to run. With his high prey drive, though, you’ll need to be watchful if you exercise him off leash.

He also loves enjoys jogging, running alongside a bicycle, and chasing balls.

As with all intelligent dogs, the Griffon Nivernais needs mental stimulation as well as physical exercise. He would especially love any kind of nose or scent work.

When he is bored, expect to see some negative Griffon Nivernais behaviors. They are known to bark excessively, to dig, and to chew.

Finding a Griffon Nivernais

Buying a Griffon Nivernais from a Breeder

If you would like to find a Griffon Nivernais for sale, you will probably need to be patient. Some Griffons Nivernais have been exported to Canada and the United States, but at the time of this writing, we were unable to find any North American breeders online.

The breed is becoming more popular in North America, though, so that may change. But in the meantime, you may need to consider importing one.

You could try an online search for Griffon Nivernais breeders in France. The web site Chiens de France would be a good place to start. They maintain a breeder directory for French breeds.

You would need to search with the breed’s French name, Nièvre Griffon. If you don’t speak French, Google Translate does a pretty good job with this site.

Griffon Nivernais price is estimated at $450 to $800, but we are not sure how reliable those figures are. Of course, the total cost if you import one would be considerably higher.

Griffon Nivernais Rescue/Adoption

If you would prefer to adopt a Griffon Nivernais, you may have an easier time finding one. Adopt a Griffon is an organization that specializes in rescuing all Griffons. Their web site is the best place to start your search for a Griffon Nivernais for adoption.

The site has detailed information on how to adopt a Griffon from France or Spain. It also explains the procedures for shipping the dog to its new home.

Another site to try is Griffon Adoption UK. Both organizations also have Facebook groups, though they are in the French language.

Adopting an adult dog can be a great experience. Many of them will already have obedience training and socialization. If you get one through a shelter or rescue, it will already be spayed or neutered.

The cost of shipping one from Europe can be high. But it will likely be less expensive than buying a Griffon Nivernais puppy from a good breeder.

You would also have the joy of giving a loving home to a dog that needs one.

Sadly, many Griffons in Europe end up in shelters, both kill and non-kill. Many Europeans seem to have the misconception that the breed is good only for hunting.

When the dogs get older and less able to hunt, owners often bring them to shelters. They don’t seem to know that these dogs also make loyal and devoted family dogs.

Is the Griffon Nivernais the Right Breed for You?

The Griffon Nivernais is an interesting breed, with its family friendliness but headstrong nature. If you hunt, this dog may be the perfect partner for you. He could be an ideal companion both at home and in the field.

If you don’t intend to hunt with your dog, you’ll want to consider carefully whether he is the right family dog for you. The traits that hunters value so highly make him a bit more challenging at home.

This breed is not a good choice for anyone who can’t commit to firm and consistent leadership. He also needs to live with an active family to ensure his exercise needs are met.

If you feel you can handle the challenges of the Griffon Nivernais temperament, this might well be the perfect breed for you.

The German Hound temperament is simply delightful. He is everything you could want in a family dog. Being a scenthound, of course, he is also an excellent hunting partner.

The German Hound is a great choice for any family that is active outdoors.

German Hound Temperament

1. Intelligent

The German Hound is a highly intelligent breed. He learns quickly and is easy to train.

2. Submissive

This breed is very obedient and depends on his owner to make decisions. He can be a little stubborn from time to time but far less than most hunting breeds.

3. Loyal

Devotion to his humans is one of the many lovely things about the German Hound temperament.

4. Friendly

He is happy and outgoing. This guy loves people. The German Hound temperament is not aggressive in any way.

5. Affectionate

This dog generally loves affection and attention. He also loves to snuggle.

6. Sweet

The German Hound temperament is kind and gentle. He is wonderful with children and makes a nearly perfect family dog.

7. Sociable

It’s not a good idea to leave your German Hound alone for too long. He wants to be with his people and is prone to separation anxiety.

8. Adaptable

The German Hound temperament is flexible and easygoing. If he gets enough exercise, he can go from the field to relaxing at home with ease.

He can also adapt to climate. This breed is hardy and nearly weather-proof.

9. Somewhat Protective

He will bark loudly when a stranger approaches. The German Hound temperament is well suited to watchdog duties.

10. Enthusiastic

The German Hound is a very eager hunter. He is also an enthusiastic playmate for the kids. He will happily join in any family activities.

11. Active

As a hunting breed, the German Hound is energetic and needs to be busy. He is happiest when hunting, of course. But he also enjoys playing with the kids or recreational activities with the family.

12. Curious

The German Hound temperament is very inquisitive. He likes to know what’s going on in his environment and likes to explore.

13. Prey Drive

Though he is very gentle with people, he has a strong prey drive. He will chase smaller animals.

German Hound History

The German Hound is a scenthound from the Westphalia region of Germany. Even in North America, he is more commonly called by his German name, the Deutsch Bracke.

His history goes back to at least the 1700s. They descended from more ancient Bracken (hound dogs). They were selectively bred to be hunters.

The result was a hunting dog with excellent scenting skills. They are also known for their loud, distinctive bark. They use it to notify the hunter that they found their prey.

In 1900, all Bracke types were merged into one breed and called Deutsche Bracke.

Today, there are two recognized breeds known as German Hounds—the Deutsch Bracke and the Westphalian Bracke.

The Westphalian is thought to be a cross between the German Hound and the Dachshund. This produced a smaller version of the German Hound.

Hunters saw this an advantage when hunting because the shorter breed was more agile in heavy brush.

The breed is very popular in its native Germany but not well known outside of Europe. They were recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1996 and the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1997.

The American Kennel Club has not yet recognized the German Hound.

German Hound Training

The German Hound has a gentle personality. He learns quickly and is generally eager to please. In the right hands, he is exceptionally obedient and easy to train.

However, he can be a little stubborn. He is submissive and expects you to make the rules. If he senses that you are not firm in your expectations, he may refuse to obey.

As a very intelligent breed, he is also easily bored. Training sessions should be kept short and fun.

This is a breed that will not respond well to harsh training methods. He needs gentle positive reinforcement but with a no-nonsense hand.

Proper training is important for this breed, or you will have to deal with some undesirable German Hound behaviors.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your German Hound dog, you should take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

German Hound Hunting

The German Hound is a very enthusiastic, high-energy hunter. His role is to track and trail both large and small animals.

These have included large animals like boars and deer as well as foxes and other small animals.

The German Hound is also known for its focus and determination while tracking. They’re unlikely to be distracted when they’re on the trail.

This dog also has a distinctive voice and uses it when he’s excitedly following a trail. Some historians believe that the St. Hubert’s Hound (Bloodhound) may have been an ancestor of the German Hound. It has a very similar voice.

Originally, German Hound hunted in packs with hunters on horseback. The prey was mostly deer.

Later, hunting on foot with guns became popular, as did fox hunting with horns. We still see that in fox hunting to this day. The German Hound adapted.

Today, German Hound are more likely to hunt singly than in packs. They are used mostly for fox and rabbit these days.

German Hound Appearance

General Appearance

The German Hound is a small- to medium-sized dog with a rectangular shape (longer than they are tall). They are described by some as sturdy but elegant.

Their coats are short-haired and wiry. They are usually black with tan and white markings and a white blaze on the forehead.

The German Hound can also be brown, red, or pied in color.

They have a narrow head and pendulous ears. Their eyes are brown or amber and are said to be soulful. The nose is black.

They have long bodies and short legs, though not as short as a dachshund. They are deep-chested with a strong neck.

The muzzle is long and narrow, and they have a level or scissors bite.

They have long, narrow tails that are held low.

German Hound Size

The average German Hound weight is 35-40 pounds and their height averages 16-21 inches.

German Hound Health Issues

Bloat – Bloat (or gastric torsion) is common in breeds with deep chests. This is a medical emergency where the dog’s intestines become twisted and cause a blockage.

Hip Dysplasia – This is a painful degenerative musculoskeletal disease that can lead to lameness, arthritis, and loss of function.

Cryptorchidism – This is better known as an undescended testicle. The one that doesn’t descend is prone to testicular cancer. It should be surgically removed. Dogs with this condition should not be bred.

Eye Diseases – These can include cataracts, glaucoma, and progressive retinal atrophy.

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German Hound Lifespan

The German Hound life expectancy is 10-12 years.

Caring for the German Hound

German Hound Grooming

The German Hound is an easy breed to care for. He needs brushing once or twice a week to remove dead hairs. His short, thin coat makes this an easy task.

He doesn’t need frequent bathing. Most of the time, wiping him down with a damp cloth will be enough.

He will need an occasional bath with a soap made for dogs if he comes home dirty or smelly from the hunt.

You will also need to check and clean his ears regularly, keep his nails clipped, and brush his teeth routinely.

German Hound Diet

The German Hound should do well on any high-quality commercial food. You may want to consider one for medium-sized breeds.

If he hunts or is otherwise very active, he may need an active formula. You will need to keep an eye on his weight, though, to be sure he’s burning the extra calories.

German Hound Exercise

This breed needs to be busy. He will need at least one good walk a day to keep him calm and content at home.

He would also love jogs or running alongside on a bike ride.

They are naturally curious dogs who love to explore new environments. Long, leisurely hikes would satisfy this need beautifully.

Even better, he would appreciate having a job to do. If you don’t hunt, you might consider hunting trials or nose work competition.

The German Hound would not do well living in an apartment or in the city. He needs space to run and explore and loves to be outdoors.

Like many intelligent breeds, this guy needs mental stimulation as well as physical exercise. The German Hound is a great candidate for puzzle toys with food rewards or long sniffing expeditions.

Finding a German Hound

Buying a German Hound from a Breeder

Unfortunately, there are very few German Hounds outside of Germany. If you’re looking for a German Hound for sale, you may have a long wait.

At the time of this writing, a Google search turned up no German Hound breeders in North America. If you have your heart set on a German Hound puppy, you could consider importing one from Germany.

The Deutscher Bracken Club keeps a directory of available German Hound puppies with contact information for the breeders. The web site is in German, but Google does a pretty good job with translating.

You might also search for Facebook for breeder pages and user groups. These can be a great source for breeder information. They can also be a good way to find trustworthy recommendations for good breeders.

Vetting Your Breeder

If you are able to find a breeder and are considering buying a German Hound puppy online, getting a recommendation you trust is critical. You want to be sure you are not buying a dog from a puppy mill or “backyard breeder.”

Rare dogs are moneymakers for these so-called breeders. These are the people you see on television who keep their dogs in inhumane conditions.

They aren’t concerned with the health of the puppies or the parents. They often keep the parents in cages with no health care and barely enough to eat.

These people breed the mother over and over again until she is worn out or dies.

And they don’t give a thought to the genetic soundness of the breed. Responsible breeders will only breed healthy dogs with no inheritable conditions.

A good breeder will also guarantee the health of their pups. They will know the pedigrees and health conditions of the parents. And they will offer to buy the dog back if you ever need to surrender it.

You will get no guarantees at all from a puppy mill. You would also be perpetuating the inhumane breeding practices.

German Hound Rescue/Adoption

If you would prefer to find a German Hound for adoption, unfortunately, this may also be difficult.

You are very unlikely to find a German Hound at your local shelter. There are very few of these dogs outside of Germany.

But here, too, you can look to Germany if you would like to import one. In addition to the litter directory, the Deutscher Bracken Club runs a program for Bracken in need. You may be able to find a German Hound through them.

Adopting an adult dog can be a gratifying experience. You will have the joy of giving a loving home to a dog who needs one.

But you will also benefit from the advantages of starting with an adult dog rather than a puppy.

The dog will probably already be housebroken. Rescues make sure their dogs are healthy and are up to date on immunizations.

The dog will probably have had at least basic obedience training. It may even have some hunting training, which would be great if you plan to hunt your German Hound.

Is the German Hound the Right Breed for You?

There are many reasons to consider sharing your life with a German Hound. Their sweet, loyal dispositions make them ideal family companions and playmates for the kids.

If yours is a hunting family, you will appreciate his outstanding scenting and tracking abilities.

However, If you don’t hunt but have an active lifestyle, this dog will make an enthusiastic participant in all of your family’s outdoor adventures.

If you would like to add a great all-around dog to your family, the German Hound temperament can’t be beat.

As a hunting dog with a family dog disposition, the Spanish Pointer temperament is ideal for an active family who would like a sporting dog that’s also great with children.

She’s a highly skilled combination of scent hound and pointer. She’s a hard-working, athletic dog who needs an active family and a lot of room to run.

Spanish Pointer Temperament

1. Intelligent

This is a very bright dog that learns easily. She does several jobs well, combinations that you don’t normally see in one dog.

2. Obedient

The Spanish Pointer temperament is eager to please. She will happily do what you ask of her.

3. Energetic

The Spanish Pointer is an energetic dog who needs a lot of exercise. This is the key to successfully living with this breed.

If your family isn’t an active one, the Spanish Pointer would not be a good choice for you.

4. Loyal

The Spanish Pointer temperament is loyal to all family members. She will even be protective of the children. This breed forms close bonds with the family and doesn’t like to be left alone for long.

She would like nothing more than to be included in all your family activities.

5. Gentle

She has a sweet, gentle personality and is patient with kids if they are raised together. With good socialization, she is great with them.

She is tolerant of rough play. Playing with the kids would be a great way to burn off some of her energy.

The Spanish Pointer temperament can even be protective of them.

6. Calm

When she gets enough exercise, she will be quiet and relaxed at home. She is not much of barker.

7. Dog-friendly

The Spanish Pointer gets along quite well with other dogs, but it’s still a good idea to socialize her to them. It will teach her how to deal with dogs who might not be so friendly.

8. Prey Drive

As a bird dog, the Spanish Pointer Dog has a strong prey drive toward birds. She may also chase other small animals unless they are raised together.

9. Stranger-wary

The Spanish Pointer temperament is pretty good with strangers, but she is a little wary of them. She needs to be socialized to them.

10. Athletic

This dog is prized by hunters for her sure-footedness on various terrains, including water. She is an agile runner and a good swimmer.

As agile and athletic as she is, she would do well in dog sports such as agility, rally, or hunting trials. These would also be great activities to satisfy her need for exercise.

Spanish Pointer History

The exact Spanish Pointer origin is uncertain, though the breed goes back at least as far as 1600 on the Iberian peninsula.

Most historians believe she descends from the Old Spanish Pointer or Perdigeuro Navarro. While some think that these are the same dog, they are actually two separate breeds.

The Old Spanish Pointer is thought to be the ancestor of most of today’s pointing breeds. The list includes the Russian Pointer, the German Pointer, the French Double-Nosed Griffon, and the English Pointer.

Historians believe that another of the modern Spanish Pointer’s ancestors was the Sabueso Espanol. The Spanish Pointer seems to have inherited her thick skin from this breed.

Today, the Spanish Pointer is a rare dog that’s not often seen outside of Spain. She is still highly valued as a gundog in that country, though.

The Spanish Pointer was brought to the edge of extinction following the Spanish Civil War and again due to World War II.

Two men—Don Manuel Izquierdo and Geardo Sardonil—started efforts to restore the breed in the 1970s. Today, the Spanish Pointer is one of the most popular hunting dogs in Spain.

However, the breed is still not well known elsewhere in the world.

Spanish Pointer Training

The Spanish Pointer is a bright dog that learns quickly. She is easy to train in both hunting tasks and good family manners. She responds well to positive reinforcement.

Spanish Pointers needs socialization from an early age. She is good with kids when she has been socialized to them. For best results, though, the kids need to be trained to treat the dog respectfully, too.

She also needs to socialized to other dogs. They generally do well with this, but good socialization is important to be sure it becomes second nature to the dog.

Like any hunting dog, he has a prey drive so he may not be trustworthy around small household pets. He can do well with cats, however, if they are raised together.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Spanish Pointer dog, you should take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

Spanish Pointer Appearance

General Appearance

The Spanish Pointer is a medium to large-sized dog with a square body shape (length and width fairly equal) and a powerful, athletic build. He has thick skin that makes him appear larger than he is.

These dogs are lean and muscular with a deep chest and powerful legs.

He has a large, broad skull. His ears are long and triangular and are set at eye level. They hang corkscrew style.

The eyes are medium-sized, hazel in color. Some say he has a noble appearance with a dignified yet sad expression.

His nose is dark brown. He has a square, broad muzzle, and a double dewlap.

His long tail is bushy, thick at the base, and smooth. It is docked in countries that still allow it.

The Spanish Pointer’s coat is short and dense. It is smooth to the touch. Her coat color is usually white and liver with or without mottling or ticking. She could also have a white patch on her forehead.

Spanish Pointer Size

The average Spanish Pointer weight is between 55 and 66 pounds. And the Spanish Pointer height averages 23 to 25 inches for females and 24 to 26 inches for males.

Spanish Pointer Must-Knows

Other Names

  • Burgos Pointer.
  • Perdiguero de Burgos.

Spanish Pointer Lifespan

The life expectancy of this breed is 12 to 15 years.

Spanish Pointer Hunting

The Spanish Pointer, or Perdiguero de Burgos, is an enthusiastic hunter. She has excellent scenting skills, which is unusual for a pointer.

Early breeders set out to “remake” the Spanish Pointer, who was initially a deer tracker, into a more versatile hunter. They did this through selective breeding.

They crossbred the original Spanish Pointer with the Sabueso Espanol to create a bird dog, a pointer with excellent scenting abilities. This has made her faster and more agile.

Breeders also set out to create a more versatile hunter. The breed was originally considered deer pointers, but they are now primarily bird dogs. The breed was also selectively bred for this.

The modern breed excels at both pointing and tracking on land and water.

Hunters also appreciate that the Spanish Pointer is easy to train and happy to obey. She is also good at ignoring distractions when she’s in the field.

Spanish Pointer Health Issues

This is a generally a robust and healthy breed, but there are a few conditions they may be prone to:

  • Cherry eye – a prolapsed gland in breeds that have third eyelids. This is a condition that may require surgery.
  • Hip dysplasia – a malalignment of the ball-and-socket joint of the hip. This condition is usually hereditary and occurs most often in large breeds. It can result in lameness, arthritis, and eventually loss of function.
  • Epilepsy – seizures that can be caused by many different things. Idiopathic epilepsy is the most common in dogs, meaning their cause is unknown. If your dog has even one seizure, you need to bring him to the vet.
  • Allergies – these are quite common in dogs. They can be allergic to many different things, including food. They usually show up in dogs after six months of age. Your vet can help you determine the allergen that is causing the problem.

Note: Don't let the issues above scare you. The best way to approach health problems is to prevent them in the first place. The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health is a great place to start. Get a copy to keep at home. It will help you prevent the painful health issues that can plague your lovely Spanish Pointer dog from expressing his winning personality and maximizing his life expectancy.

Caring for the Spanish Pointer

Spanish Pointer Grooming

The Spanish Pointer is a low-maintenance breed that’s an average shedder. Their coats need to be brushed regularly, but they should only be bathed when necessary.

Their coats will be beautiful with just a rubdown with a towel.

Otherwise, like all dogs, they need their nails trimmed and ears checked regularly and routine tooth brushing.

Spanish Pointer Diet

This breed has no specific dietary needs. She will do well on high-quality commercial food. Depending on her activity level, she may do better on an active-dog formula.

Spanish Pointer Exercise

The Spanish Pointer is a high-energy, hard-working breed that needs a lot of exercise. They should live in a rural setting where they have plenty of room to run.

They are not suited to apartment living or even a house with a small yard.

This breed needs a home with a very active family. They need vigorous exercise every day. A Spanish Pointer will not be satisfied with a short daily walk.

Long jogs, cycling, or organized dog sports would do the job. She would excel at agility or hunting trials, for example.

If you can’t provide this dog with enough exercise, you will see some unwanted Spanish Pointer behaviors. She is likely to become restless, bored, and destructive.

Check out this article we wrote on how exercise can help dogs with bad behavior.

Finding a Spanish Pointer

Buying a Spanish Pointer from a Breeder

The Spanish Pointer is a very rare dog outside of Spain. If you’re looking for a Spanish Pointer for sale, you may need a lot of patience.

At the time of this writing, we were able to find only one North American Spanish Pointer breeder, but their web site appeared to be out of date.

There are web sites that list breeders of pointing dogs in general, and that might be the best place to start a search. You might try sites like Gundog Central and Gundogs Online.

Another option for finding a Spanish Pointer puppy is to search online for Spanish Pointer user forums or Facebook groups. These groups exist for nearly every breed.

You could even try YouTube. Breeders and enthusiasts around the world post videos of many breeds. It’s possible to connect with a poster who would have helpful information about finding Spanish Pointers.

Spanish Pointer Rescue/Adoption

Again, because of the rarity of this breed, finding a Spanish Pointer for adoption will be difficult. You’re not likely to find one in a shelter.

At the time of this writing, we were not able to find any Spanish Pointer rescues. If you speak Spanish or know someone who does, you might try rescue organizations in Spain or even more generally in Europe.

Similar Breeds

If you’re unable to find a Spanish Pointer, you may want to consider a similar breed. There are other pointer breeds with similar physical and/or temperament traits that may be easier to find.

One possibility is the English Pointer (simply called Pointer in North America) which is more available in North America. He is similar to the Spanish Pointer in size and temperament. He is also a good family dog and has been called “the Cadillac of bird dogs.”

The primary difference between them is that the English Pointer is a little more driven as a scenthound. He is more likely to be distracted by an interesting smell.

He is also a little more independent so training may take a little more effort.

The American Pointer Club would be a good place to start if you’re interested in considering an English Pointer. They maintain a breeder directory if you’re looking for puppies. They may also have information about dogs available for adoption.

There are also a number of rescues available for English pointers.

Is the Spanish Pointer the Right Breed for You?

If you’re looking for a gundog with impressive skills who is also a great family dog, you couldn’t go wrong with the Spanish Pointer.

If you’re lucky enough to find one, you will have a loyal and devoted hunting companion.

Do you have kids? Then you’ll find that he will be a perfect playmate for them as well.

However, like most hunting dogs, this breed is very energetic and needs a lot of vigorous exercise.

If you can provide that, you will find that the Spanish Pointer temperament will make this breed a delightful addition to your family.

This breed is a working dog first, but in the right hands, the Majorca Shepherd temperament can make him a good companion dog.

The Majorca Shepherd (or Ca de Bestiar to the Majorcans) is a livestock guardian dog from Spain who is also an excellent all-around farm dog.

He is known for his devotion to his master and affectionate disposition. However, he has a dominant nature and can be aggressive when provoked.

He is not a good choice for an inexperienced dog owner.

Majorca Shepherd Temperament

1. Intelligent

The Majorca Shepherd is a very smart dog that learns quickly. He works at several jobs in his native Spain. They include herding livestock, general farm labor, and guarding animals and property.

2. Independent

As a sheep-herder, the Majorca Shepherd works alone. He does his job with little to supervision from humans.

Because of this, he has developed what some call willfulness, which can create training challenges.

3. Obedient

In spite of his willfulness, the Majorca Shepherd is very obedient to his master.

10. Courageous

His instinct to protect is so strong that he appears to feel no fear.

4. Devoted

The Majorca Shepherd temperament is intensely loyal to his master. He is said to not do well with a new master if he loses his original one.

Interestingly, this trait was purposely bred into this dog through selective cross-breeding.

5. Affectionate

He is affectionate toward members of his family, but he is mainly a one-master dog.

6. Protective

The Majorca Shepherd temperament is suspicious of strangers, sometimes to the point of aggression if he feels it’s needed. He is an excellent guard dog.

6. Dominant

The Majorca Shepherd temperament trait of independence in his work has led to a dominant personality.

He is used to ordering a flock of sheep around in the field. This dog is comfortable with being the boss.

7. Potentially Aggressive

His dominant nature can turn into aggression if he is not socialized early to strangers and other dogs.

He has a history of dogfighting, so he comes by this naturally.

8. Territorial

The Majorca Shepherd temperament is very territorial. This trait is so instinctive that you’re not likely to train it out of him. He needs strong and early socialization to control this.

9. Defensive

The Majorca Shepherd temperament can be reactive when he feels threatened or feels his master is being threatened.

This is probably another legacy from his fighting history and part of his territorial nature.

11. Confident

The well-trained Majorca Shepherd temperament is not shy and not aggressive (unless provoked). He’s comfortable that he knows what needs to be done.

He confidently takes care of business, at work or while guarding his people and property.

Majorca Shepherd History

The Majorca Shepherd is an ancient breed. Its exact origin is uncertain.

Historians believe they have been in the Balearic Islands of Spain at least since the reign of King James I of Aragon in the early 13th century.

Most agree that the Majorca Shepherd actually helped King James conquer Majorca. Islanders then discovered that the Majorca Shepherd was a great farm dog.

Early in this breed’s history, this dog was crossed with other Spanish dogs for two different purposes.

He was crossbred with an Alaunt breed (probably Alana Espanol). This was a Molosser-type dog – now extinct – that was used as a bullfighter.

The purpose was to create a tougher dog. Lumberjacks wanted a fierce dog to confront poachers.

This new breed was later used in dogfights, which has been outlawed since that time.

The other cross was done with the Ca Mè Mallorquí. Ironically, the purpose of this cross was to create a dog that was more obedient and more bonded with his master.

These crosses caused the near extinction of the original Majorca Shepherd. The Majorcans also cite the Doberman, the Mastiff, and the Great Dane for the “contamination” of their beloved Ca de Bestiar.

In the 1970s, dedicated Majorcans began a selective breeding program to restore the original Ca de Bestiar. This program is still a work in progress.

Today, there are estimated to be about 4000 Majorca Shepherds in Majorca, with only 1000 considered “excellent” for breeding purposes. The breed is still rare outside of Spain.

Majorca Shepherd Training

The Majorca Shepherd is an energetic working dog whose independence and sometimes willful temperament are necessary for the job.

Because of these Majorca Shepherd traits, this breed needs particularly firm and consistent training. You must show him who’s in charge, make rules, and stick with them.

Otherwise, you will have a dominant and stubborn dog that’s hard to control.

You will also need to take his potential aggressive tendencies into account. This breed needs extensive early socialization to strangers to prevent over-protectiveness.

He can be good with children, but his defensiveness and occasional aggressive reactions can make him unpredictable.

For this reason, the Majorca Shepherd temperament is not suited to families with young children.

Because of their tendency to be dominant, they need lifelong socialization and training.

Training needs to be very firm but not punishing. Punishing a Majorca Shepherd may produce an aggressive dog.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Majorca Shepherd dog, you should take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

Majorca Shepherd Appearance

General Appearance

The Majorca Shepherd is a medium to large dog with a muscular build. Many people think he looks like a Black Lab or lab cross, though the Majorca Shepherd is leaner and more muscular.

Others have mistaken him for a black German Shepherd.

Their coats are always black with a thin undercoat. Some have white chest markings. Most have short, straight, glossy hair, but there is also a long-haired version of the breed.

His head is well-defined. His muzzle is longer than his skull. He has medium-sized hanging ears, eyes that are small, round, and wide-set. The eyes are brown or amber, and the nose is black. He has a level or scissor bite.

His neck is short and strong. He has a deep chest and muscular legs. The tail is long and hangs straight when he’s still but points upward like a saber when he’s on the move.

Majorca Shepherd Size

Average Majorca Shepherd weight is 75 to 90 pounds. And the Majorca Shepherd height averages 24 to 28 inches.

Majorca Shepherd Facts

Majorca Shepherd Lifespan

This breed’s life expectancy is 11-13 years.

Other Names

The Majorca also goes by the following names (so more popular than others)

  • Ca de Bestiar.
  • Mallorquin Shepherd.
  • Mallorca-Schaferhund.
  • Chien de Berger de Majorque.
  • Perro de Pastor Mallorquin.

The Symbol of Majorca

Majorcans are very proud of their Majorca Shepherd/Ca de Bestiar.

They consider him a “Symbol of Majorca” and feel that his personality is like the Majorcan people themselves: These dogs are not loud or generally aggressive, but they know how to be both when they feel it’s needed.

They say the dog will warn you first, but if you ignore the warning or provoke it, “it will bite you.”

The Majorcans value the Ca de Bestiar’s strong temperament but also his obedience. They are proud that he’s both independent and obedient.

They appreciate that when a Ca de Bestiar is being judged, he will growl a little at the judge. But he will then open his mouth on his master’s command and let the judge check it. The Majorcans reject any dogs that are “afraid or untamed.”

They also tell stories about the Ca de Bestiar’s legendary loyalty to his master.

Majorca Shepherd Health Issues

The Majorca Shepherd is a robust, healthy breed. However, it is susceptible to several health problems that often occur in large dogs:

  • Gastric torsion (also called bloat). This is a medical emergency. It is also called gastric dilatation or volvulus and is a twisting of your dog’s stomach that creates a blockage. You should know the symptoms and call your vet right away if you notice any.
  • Hip dysplasia. This is a malformation of the dog’s ball-and-socket joint that can cause lameness, arthritis, and loss of function. This is often a genetic condition.
  • Patellar luxation, or dislocation of the kneecap. This is also an inherited condition. Symptoms can be mild or severe. The most severe cases require surgery.

Note: if you agree that your health and your dog's health should be a top priority then get a copy of The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health. Your Majorca Shepherd friend will love you for it. This guide will help save you money, time and most of all help you keep your dog healthy.

Caring for the Majorca Shepherd

Majorca Shepherd Grooming

Both long- and short-haired Majorca Shepherds are easy to maintain. Their coats are self-cleaning. They should not be bathed often—only when they’ve gotten into something unpleasant.

These dogs should be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair and bring out the natural oil of their coats.

They do need their ears cleaned regularly. Pendulous ears are more prone to ear infections. You should use a good cleaner every week or two and dry their ears well when they get wet.

Majorca Shepherd Diet

This breed does well on a good-quality commercial food. However, for dogs who work hard or play hard, you may want to consider a high-performance food. Otherwise, they have no specific dietary needs.

Majorca Shepherd Exercise

As a dog bred for working, the Majorca Shepherd needs a lot of exercise. A daily walk will probably not be enough. He also needs room to run.

For this reason, this is not a breed who could live in an apartment or even a house with a small yard. He really should be considered a rural dog only.

If he doesn’t get enough exercise, you’re likely to see some negative Majorca Shepherd behaviors. He is likely to become hyperactive and destructive and to bark to excess.

As a very intelligent breed, he also needs a lot of mental stimulation. Providing several different actitivies for him would help meet that need.

This is an athletic breed. Dog sports like agility, rally, or herding trials would be great choices for him.

Finding a Majorca Shepherd

Buying a Majorca Shepherd from a Breeder

Unfortunately, this breed is very rare. It may be difficult to find any Majorca Shepherd breeders in North America.

If you have your heart set on this dog, you may need to consider importing a puppy from Europe. You could start with eurobreeder.com, which at the time of this writing had one listed European breeder.

Another possibility is to locate user groups and forums online. Facebook groups and others exist for nearly every breed.

If you can connect with current Majorca Shepherd owners, you may be able to get a recommendation for a breeder of Majorca Shepherd puppies.

This would also give you a great opportunity to ask questions. These people would know what it’s like to live with a Majorca Shepherd.

Majorca Shepherd Rescue/Adoption

Again, due to the breed’s rarity, finding a Majorca Shepherd for adoption would also be difficult. You’re not likely to find one at your local shelter.

However, based on the history of the breed, it’s likely that there are a significant number of Majorca Shepherd mixed-breed dogs in Europe. This may be true in North America as well.

If you would consider a mixed breed, you may have better luck finding your dog.

Mixed breeds can often have many of the same traits that purebreds have but without the breed-specific health concerns.

It may make sense to alert shelters within traveling distance that you are looking for a Majorca Shepherd mix. It may be a longshot, but it’s possible that one might eventually turn up.

You may still have to resort to a search in Europe. But again, you would probably have better luck finding a Majorca Shepherd mix than a purebred.

The breed is popular in Spain, but there are still not a lot of them that are considered fit for breeding.

Is the Majorca Shepherd the Right Breed for You?

For the right owner, the Majorca Shepherd is an excellent working and/or companion dog. However, he’s not a good choice for a family with small children.

It’s also critical that he be properly trained and socialized. If he is not, he has the potential to become overprotective or aggressive.

However, in competent hands, he is an affectionate family member and devoted friend.

If you have the right stuff to be a firm master to him, the Majorca Shepherd temperament will make you proud to have this dog by your side.

The rugged Azores Cattle Dog temperament makes this breed an indispensable working dog in its native land.

The Azores Cattle Dog is a rare breed that hails from the Azores—an island chain in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean. The Azores are an autonomous region of Portugal.

Cao Fila de Sao Miguel, the Fila de Sao Miguel, the Sao Miguel Cattle Dog, and/or the Azores Cow Dog are all other names that the Azores Cattle Dog is called at times.

These dogs are large, imposing, Mastiff-type guard dogs. They are perfectly suited to working long hours in punishing terrain. Their fearless temperaments make them ideal livestock protectors.

Azores Cattle Dogs are so scarce that there only about 3000 registered throughout the world, and most of them are in the Azores.

Even though they are rare throughout the rest of the world, there is actually an overabundance of Azores Cattle Dogs and Azores Cattle Dog mixes in animal shelters in the Azores, particularly on Sao Miguel Island.

There are some opportunities for outsiders to rescue some of these unwanted Azores Cattle Dogs from Sao Miguel Island, and we will discuss these options later in the article.

The Azores Cattle Dog temperament is definitely not for everyone. Before you commit to adopting one, learn as much as you can about common Azores Cattle Dog behaviors and traits.

This article will provide a good jumping off point for your research into the breed.

Understanding the Azores Cattle Dog Temperament: 5 Common Azores Cattle Dog Traits

In this section we will explore the ins and outs of the Azores Cattle Dog personality.

However, please keep in mind that all dogs are individuals, so there will be some variation between individual dogs within this breed.

Therefore, your Azores Cattle Dog may not display all of the traits listed below.

1. Protective

The courageous Azores Cattle Dog temperament makes this breed an outstanding guard dog for the home or farm.

A dog breed history book from the Azores describes the Cao Fila de Sao Miguel in the following words:

I cannot speak highly enough of these dogs; they are a true working dog with an extremely fierce, primitive and hard temperament.”

Azores Cattle Dogs are naturally protective of their owners, families, and homestead.

They also make excellent guardians for livestock—particularly cattle.

You must be mindful of this personality trait if you own one as a pet. It is important not to let this behavior get out of hand and turn into aggression towards animals or visitors.

Make sure you monitor all interactions between your Azores Cattle Dog and strangers, especially children.

If you see any signs of aggression, seek assistance from a veterinarian and/or a canine behaviorist.

Hard Working

The driven Azores Cattle Dog temperament makes this dog a hard working helper on the farm.

The early inhabitants of the Azores islands created these dogs to herd and guard their cattle in all types of temperatures and weather conditions. These are extremely hardy dogs that are not easily deterred from their work.

The Azores Cattle Dog will move herds of cattle by nipping at their heels. However, these dogs are selectively bred and trained to never bite their charges on the udder.

The power and size of the Cao Fila de Sao Miguel makes it the perfect breed for cattle herding, but it is generally considered too rough for sheep or other smaller farm animals.

If you do not have cattle for your Cao Fila de Sao Miguel to herd, you will need to provide another creative outlet for its working drive.

This breed is not content to lounge around at home. You must be prepared to provide your Azores Cattle Dog with at least an hour of vigorous physical activity each day.

Azores Cattle Dog exercise can take the form of jogging, hiking, and/or canine sports such as herding, agility, nosework or weight pull.

Without a proper channel for their energy, you can expect behavioral problems such as barking, chewing, digging, or even increased aggression.

Sufficient exercise is extremely important to this breed. If you work long hours, you might need to consider a dog walker or a doggie daycare to provide enough daily physical activity for your Cao Fila de Sao Miguel.

3. Loyal

The devoted Azores Cattle Dog temperament makes this breed extremely loyal to its master.

The Azores Cattle Dog is faithful to its family, but can be wary of strangers.

Make sure you have the proper lifestyle for this type of dog.

For example, if you live in a remote area with few visitors, this would be an ideal dog for you.

However, if you live in a busy city and you have an active social life with plenty of guests and parties, the Azores Cattle Dog will not be a good fit your lifestyle.

The Azores Cattle Dog is definitely not suited for apartment living. This breed is much better suited for rural life where there is plenty of open space.

4. Intelligent

The Azores Cattle Dog temperament is highly intelligent.

One farmer from the Azores claims that these dogs can learn dozens of different herding commands and can even differentiate between individual cows by their names!

If you own one of these dogs as a pet, you will need to provide plenty of mental enrichment to keep his mind engaged.

Because of their intelligence, Azores Cattle Dogs can excel in obedience and rally obedience competitions.

5. Not for Novice Owners

The Azores Cattle Dog temperament can be a good match for an experienced handler, but it is not an appropriate choice for a novice owner.

These dogs are large and powerful, and they can be a liability in the wrong hands.

It is best if owners have prior experience with Mastiff-type breeds before trying an Azores Cattle Dog.

Azores Cattle Dog History

The Cao Fila de Sao Miguel is named for the Sao Miguel Island of the Azores.

This breed was first documented in the 19th century, but it has almost certainly been around longer.

It is believed that the Azores Cattle Dog developed from an ancient breed called the Terceira Dog, which is now extinct.

The word “Cao” translates to “dog” in Portuguese. The word “Fila” means to hold something by the teeth or mouth.

The Federation Cynologique Internationale published the official breed standard for the Azores Cattle Dog in 1995.

The American Kennel Club does not yet recognize the breed.

Azores Cattle Dog Size and Appearance

The Azores Cattle Dog is a large breed with an imposing physical appearance.

The average Azores Cattle Dog weight is about 77 lbs, with females being slightly smaller.

The typical Azores Cattle Dog height is about 23 inches at the withers.

Azores Cattle Dog colors can range from fawn to brown to grey to black, but the coat pattern is always brindled.

Their tails can be kept natural or docked.

Their ears were historically cropped with rounded tips. However, now that ear cropping is being banned in many countries, their ears are more commonly left natural.

A Guide to Azores Cattle Dog Training

If you own one of these dogs, it is very important that you invest substantial time into training.

Since these dogs are so large, it is vital that you have good control over your dog in public.

Try to start the training process as early as possible. Keep training sessions short, interesting and positive to keep your dog focused and engaged.

Never use harsh physical punishments or painful training tools such as shock collars or pinch collars with this breed.

Instead, find a trainer that uses positive, force-free methods.

Once you have mastered the basics, you can sign up for more advanced classes such as nosework, agility, or advanced obedience.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Azores Cattle Dog, you should take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

Azores Cattle Dog Grooming

If you are looking for a dog that is low-maintenance when it comes to grooming, you are in luck!

The Azores Cattle Dog requires very little grooming.

Occasional brushing and bathing will be enough to keep their coats looking healthy and shiny.

As with all dogs, they need their nails trimmed and their teeth brushed at regular intervals.

Staying Healthy: Azores Cattle Dog Health Issues

Historically, the Azores Cattle Dog was a very hardy and healthy breed.

However, the backyard breeding industry has introduced some genetic health conditions into the bloodline.

If you purchase a dog from a breeder, talk with the breeder extensively about the health of the parents. Ask if they have done any genetic screening.

If you adopt from a rescue group, find out if the dog has started to exhibit any symptoms of health concerns.

Before you bring an Azores Cattle Dog home, talk with a trusted veterinarian about the following health conditions to make sure you are prepared to handle them if they arise:

Like all dogs, your Azores Cattle Dog should visit a licensed veterinarian at least once per year for an annual checkup and vaccinations.

Your Azores Cattle Dog should also stay up to date on flea, tick and heartworm preventative at all times. Talk with your veterinarian about the best options for your pet.

Spaying and neutering is highly encouraged to prevent accidental litters from adding to the pet overpopulation problem. Speak with your vet about the ideal time to schedule this routine procedure.

With excellent medical care and nutrition, the Azores Cattle Dog lifespan can reach 14 years of age.

Note: if you agree that your health and your dog's health should be a top priority then get a copy of The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health. Your Spitz friend will love you for it. This guide will help save you money, time and most of all help you keep your dog healthy.

Azores Cattle Dog Rescue and Adoption

If you think the Azores Cattle Dog temperament is a good match for you, your next step is to find one to add to your household.

Although they are scarce outside of the Azores, they are actually fairly prevalent on the islands.

Therefore, your best bet might be to purchase or adopt one from their native country.

Adoption is a great way to add a pet to your family.

There are already so many homeless dogs in the world, so it is ideal to adopt one of these dogs rather than bring more puppies into the world.

Adoption also has some distinctive perks. For example, many dogs that are up for adoption already have some prior training, including potty training.

Another benefit to adoption is that many of the dogs available have already gone through the destructive puppy phase.

Additionally, adoption fees are substantially less expensive than purchasing from a breeder.

If you would like to find an Azores Cattle Dog for adoption, visit the Rescue Page for the Cao de Fila de Sao Miguel Club website.

This website has links to multiple rescue groups that are working to save Cao de Filas in shelters in the Azores.

You can also look for Azores Cattle Dog rescue groups on facebook, petfinder.com and adoptapet.com.

Finally, you can visit your local animal shelter or humane society. If you live in the United States, it is unlikely that you will find an Azores Cattle Dog in your local shelter, but the staff might be able to direct you to similar dogs with similar personality traits.

Finding an Azores Cattle Dog for Sale from a Reputable Breeder

If you prefer to purchase an Azores Cattle Dog puppy from a breeder, your best bet will probably be to work with an Azores Cattle Dog breeder in the Azores.

Azores Cattle Dog breeders are very hard to find outside of the Azores, although with hard work and patience you might be able to find one.

The Cao de Fila de Sao Miguel Club has a list of recommended breeders on their website.

However, they also have a disclaimer that says, “When looking for a purebred dog, you should ALWAYS do your own research.”

Always visit the breeder in person, ask questions, and ask to see medical records for the puppies as well as the parents.

Never purchase Azores Cattle Dog puppies, or any type of puppies, over the internet or from pet stores.

Make sure you find a responsible breeder that is committed to the health and temperament of the breed.

When you purchase a puppy from a high-quality breeder, the Azores Cattle Dog cost will likely be around $1000 not including travel expenses or accommodations.

Conclusion: Why the Azores Cattle Dog?

Although the Azores Cattle Dog temperament is not for everyone, the Azores Cattle Dog can make an excellent working dog or companion dog for the right type of home.

If you are a confident handler who has experience with Mastiff-type breeds, you might want to consider rescuing one of these fascinating and unusual working dogs from their native islands.


The well-rounded Hamiltonstovare temperament makes this breed an excellent multi-purpose dog.

Hamiltonstovares, also known as Hamilton Hounds or Swedish Hounds, make fabulous hunting dogs, show competitors and family pets.

Hamiltons, as they are affectionately known, are scent hounds. They love to follow their noses!

These dogs were developed in Sweden by the founder of the Swedish Kennel Club, Count Adolf Patrick Hamilton, and that is where they get their name.

Today these dogs are rare but people who know about their great qualities love them!

If you are thinking about adding a Hamiltonstovare to your household, this article will provide you with an introduction to the most common Hamiltonstovare behaviors and traits.

Understanding the Hamiltonstovare Temperament and Personality: 5 Common Traits

In this section, you will learn about the most common components of the Hamiltonstovare personality.

However, it is important to keep in mind that there will always be some individual variation within any breed of dog.

Therefore, your Hamiltonstovare may differ in some ways from this description.

1. They Love to Follow Their Noses

The scent-oriented Hamiltonstovare temperament makes this dog a scent hound through and through!

Hamiltons have very powerful noses.

If they catch a whiff of something interesting they will take off after that scent.

Even a well trained Hamiltonstovare might not heed your commands when he is on the trail of a particularly good smell.

This can be extremely dangerous if your Hamiltonstovare wanders across a busy road or travels so far from home that he gets disoriented and lost.

For this reason, it is important to keep your Hamiltonstovare on a leash at all times unless you are in a securely fenced in area.

Make sure that your dog is microchipped and wearing an identification tag at all times—just in case.

2. Hamilton Hounds Make Excellent Hunting Companions

The hard-working Hamiltonstovare temperament makes this breed an outstanding hunting dog.

Hamiltons can be used for hunting rabbits, foxes, and other small game animals. One thing that makes them different from other hounds is that Hamiltons hunt by sight and scent.

However, Hamilton Hounds do not hunt deer. They have been selectively bred to ignore the scent of deer.

If you do not hunt, you can still participate in similar activities with your Hamiltonstovare.

Hamiltons also make excellent competitors in canine sports such as tracking and nosework.

They also excel at Search and Rescue work.

Hamiltons are very happy when they have a job to do!

3. They Need Daily Exercise

The active Hamiltonstovare temperament means that these dogs need daily physical exercise.

Hamiltonstovare exercise can take many forms. For example, if you enjoy walking, your Hamiltonstovare will happily accompany you on multiple vigorous walks per day.

If you are looking for a jogging companion, your Hamiltonstovare will make a great jogging buddy.

Hamiltons also enjoy hiking, biking, and romping with other dogs at the dog park.

In fact, your Hamiltonstovare will be happy doing just about any outdoor activity with you.

If your Hamiltonstovare does not get enough daily exercise, he could develop nuisance behaviors such as digging or chewing.

If your dog develops these bad habits, you most likely need to increase his exercise.

You should consider a dog walker or a doggie daycare if you work long hours. This will help you provide enough daily exercise for your Hamilton during the work week.

4. They Like to “Sing”

Hamiltons can be barkers, but true Hamilton lovers call it “singing.”

Like most hounds, the Hamiltonstovare has a loud, musical baying bark.

If you are not a fan of barking, there are some things you can do to reduce barking and howling such as providing plenty of mental enrichment.

However, Hamiltons are a vocal breed. Therefore, if you cannot tolerate barking, this probably is not the breed for you.

Likewise, Hamiltons are not good candidates for apartment living. They do better in areas where they have more space to run, play and bay to their heart’s content!

5. Some People Call them Stubborn

The obstinate Hamiltonstovare temperament can make this breed a challenge to train.

Like most hounds, Hamiltons have an independent streak.

Although they can learn the basics, they are not frequently seen as competitors in competitive obedience trials.

There is no doubt that the Hamiltonstovare temperament will keep you on your toes. They do best with owners who have some prior experience with hounds.

A Brief Account of Hamiltonstovare History

The origins of the Hamiltonstovare date back to the 1800s in Sweden.

Count Adolf Patrick Hamilton created the breed by crossing English Foxhounds, Harriers, and three (now extinct) German breeds.

The goal was to create a solid hunting hound that could pursue game in harsh conditions.

The breed was originally called “The Swedish Hound” but the name was changed to honor the founder of the breed.

The first Hamiltonstovare appeared in the show ring in Sweden in 1921.

Today the Hamiltonstovare is still very rare in the United States, but it is starting to gain more popularity in the European countries surrounding Sweden.

Hamiltonstovare Size and Appearance

The breed standard for the Hamiltonstovare states that these dogs should be, “rectangular, well-proportioned, and never heavy.”

The average Hamiltonstovare height range is between 19 and 24 inches at the withers.

The typical Hamiltonstovare weight range is between 40 lbs and 75 lbs. Males are significantly larger than females in this breed.

Hamiltonstovare colors are always tricolor (white, brown and black). No other colors or patterns are permitted.

Their ears are droopy and their tails are long and sometimes described as “sabre-like.”

Hamiltonstovare Training

The stubborn traits of the Hamiltonstovare temperament can make training this breed a challenge.

If possible, it is best to start from an early age and sign your puppy up for a puppy kindergarten class.

Puppy Pre-K is a great way to start obedience training early, and it is also an excellent opportunity for your young dog to learn vital canine social skills.

If you adopt your Hamiltonstovare as an older dog, you can still start his training right away by signing up for a basic obedience class.

Make sure you find a trainer that uses force-free, positive training methods.

Steer clear of old-school trainers that use dominance, pain and fear. Never use painful training tools such as shock collars or pinch collars on your Hamiltonstovare.

These tactics are unnecessary and will damage the bond between you and your dog.

Instead, find a trainer that uses positive, science-based methods. Keep training sessions short, upbeat, and variable to prevent your Hamiltonstovare from boredom.

Once you master basic obedience commands, you and your Hamiltonstovare can enroll in advance training such as nosework, agility, tracking, rally obedience, barn hunt, lure coursing, weight pull, or search and rescue.

Helpful Dog Training Resource:

For help with training your Hamiltonstovare dog, you should take a look at The Online Dog Trainer by Doggy Dan. Doggy Dan is an expert Dog Trainer based in New Zealand. His online resource contains Hundreds of Excellent Dog Training Videos that will take you step-by-step through the process of developing a healthy, happy well-behaved dog.

A Guide to Hamiltonstovare Grooming

When it comes to grooming, Hamiltons are very low maintenance.

They do not require professional grooming. You can care for their short, sleek coat at home.

All they need is occasional brushing and bathing.

Hamiltons do shed twice a year, but it is not excessive.

Clean and regularly checked their floppy ear for infection.

Like all dogs, they should receive nail trimmings and teeth cleanings at regular intervals.

The Hamiltonstovare is not a hypoallergenic breed. If you are looking for a hypoallergenic pet, please check out this article.

Staying Healthy: Hamiltonstovare Health Issues

As a breed, Hamiltons are fairly healthy. Still, they can be prone to some genetic health conditions. If you acquire your dog from a breeder, you can ask the breeder about genetic testing for some of the following conditions. Also speak with your veterinarian about these conditions to make sure you can handle them if they arise:

Note: Don't let the many issues above scare you. The best way to approach health problems is to prevent them in the first place. The Ultimate Guide to Dog Health is a great place to start. Get a copy to keep at home. It will help you prevent the painful health issues that can plague your lovely Hamiltonstovare pet from expressing his winning personality and maximizing his life expectancy.

Like all dogs, your Hamilton should visit a licensed veterinarian at least once per year for an annual physical exam and yearly vaccinations.

It is extremely important for your Hamiltonstovare to be on flea prevention, tick prevention, and heartworm prevention at all times. Speak to your vet about the best options for your dog.

Spaying and neutering is highly recommended to prevent unwanted puppies from adding to the pet overpopulation problem in this country. Speak with your veterinarian about the ideal time to schedule this procedure.

With good nutrition and health care, the Hamiltonstovare lifespan is generally between 14 and 17 years.

Hamiltonstovare Rescue and Adoption

Hamiltons are rare in the United States, so finding one will likely be a challenge.

One option is to look for a Hamiltonstovare for adoption.

Adoption is a great way to add a new dog to your family for many reasons. First of all, there are already a lot of homeless dogs in this country, so it is preferable to give a home to one of these animals rather than bring more puppies into the world.

Additionally, dogs that are available for adoption are usually a little bit older and calmer than puppies. They are also usually past the destructive teenage phase, and sometimes they come with some prior training.

The adoption fee for a rescue dog is substantially less than the fee that you would pay to purchase a Hamiltonstovare puppy from a breeder. Rescue dogs usually come already spayed, neutered, vaccinated and sometimes microchipped.

If you decide that you would like to adopt a Hamiltonstovare, a good starting point is the Hamiltonstovare Club of America Rescue Page.

You can also found Hamiltons and other similar hounds for adoption on Petfinder.com, Adoptapet.com, Getyourpet.com and Facebook.

Facebook especially has numerous “hound networking groups.” There are all kinds of hounds and hound mixes listed on these networking pages, including puppies.

Do not forget to visit your local animal shelter or humane society. You can fill out an application and leave it on file in case a Hamilton becomes available for adoption in the future. The staff might also be able to call you about available dogs with similar personality traits.

Finding a Hamiltonstovare for Sale from a Reputable Breeder

There are very few Hamiltonstovare breeders in the United States, so finding a puppy for sale will take time and patience.

A good starting point is the Breeders Page for the Hamiltonstovare Club of America.

Do not be surprised if you have to wait months or even years to obtain a Hamiltonstovare puppy from a high-quality breeder.

Another option is to travel internationally to obtain one of these puppies if you are willing to go through the challenges of travelling internationally with a puppy.

Whatever you do, make sure that you do not ever order Hamiltonstovare puppies online or purchase them through a pet store. Those puppies are from irresponsible sources such as puppy mills or backyard breeders.

Make sure you find a breeder that is committed to the health and temperament of the breed.

Always visit the breeder in person so you can make sure the breeding operation is humane and the breeding dogs are happy and healthy specimens of the breed.

A good Hamiltonstovare breeder will ask you questions to make sure you are prepared to provide a lifelong home for one of their puppies. They will probably ask you to sign an agreement promising to return the puppy to their care if you cannot keep it for any reason.

How much does a Hamiltonstovare cost?

Since Hamiltons are so rare, they are also expensive.

When you purchase a Hamiltonstovare puppy from a high-quality breeder, the Hamiltonstovare price will be between $1000 and $3000.

This price is prohibitive for many people. If you cannot afford the price tag for a purebred Hamiltonstovare, please consider adopting a lovable hound mix from a shelter or rescue organization. These dogs make lovely pets for a fraction of the cost.

Conclusion: Why the Hamiltonstovare?

The all-around great qualities of the Hamiltonstovare temperament make this breed a fabulous working dog, show dog, and pet. Although they are scarce, they are much beloved by their admirers.

Of course, the Hamiltonstovare temperament is not for everyone.

Before you bring one of these dogs into your life, make sure you have the time, energy and space to give your Hamilton Hound what it needs.